Beta
×

Welcome to the Slashdot Beta site -- learn more here. Use the link in the footer or click here to return to the Classic version of Slashdot.

Thank you!

Before you choose to head back to the Classic look of the site, we'd appreciate it if you share your thoughts on the Beta; your feedback is what drives our ongoing development.

Beta is different and we value you taking the time to try it out. Please take a look at the changes we've made in Beta and  learn more about it. Thanks for reading, and for making the site better!

Spintronics Used To Create 3D Microchip

Soulskill posted about a year and a half ago | from the import-independence-from-flatland dept.

Hardware 28

Zothecula writes "A major obstruction to the development of practical 3D microchips is moving data and logic signals from one layer of circuitry to another. This can be done with conventional circuitry, but is quite cumbersome and generates a good deal of heat inside the 3D circuit. Physicists at the University of Cambridge have now developed a spintronic shift register that allows information to be passed between different layers of a 3D microchip. 'To create the microchip, the researchers used an experimental technique called ‘sputtering’. They effectively made a club-sandwich on a silicon chip of cobalt, platinum and ruthenium atoms (abstract). The cobalt and platinum atoms store the digital information in a similar way to how a hard disk drive stores data. The ruthenium atoms act as messengers, communicating that information between neighbouring layers of cobalt and platinum. Each of the layers is only a few atoms thick. They then used a laser technique called MOKE to probe the data content of the different layers. As they switched a magnetic field on and off they saw in the MOKE signal the data climbing layer by layer from the bottom of the chip to the top.'"

cancel ×

28 comments

Sorry! There are no comments related to the filter you selected.

Magic moke (0)

Anonymous Coward | about a year and a half ago | (#42762037)

But once you let the magic moke out of the chip it won't work any more!

Sputtering is experimental? (3, Informative)

Anonymous Coward | about a year and a half ago | (#42762091)

Sputtering [wikipedia.org] is experimental? News to me.

Re:Sputtering is experimental? (1)

bityz (2011656) | about a year and a half ago | (#42762225)

perhaps making chips by sputtering is experimental?

Re:Sputtering is experimental? (3, Insightful)

cellocgw (617879) | about a year and a half ago | (#42762279)

Well, certainly, making aggrieved comments by sputtering about the OP is past the experimental stage.

(disclaimer: I ran sputtering machines in 1974 and they sure as heck weren't new then)

Re:Sputtering is experimental? (2)

Reverand Dave (1959652) | about a year and a half ago | (#42764729)

Nope, sputtering has been a pretty standard part of the semiconductor process for at least 2 decades now...

Re:Sputtering is experimental? (2)

OolimPhon (1120895) | about a year and a half ago | (#42770529)

Get off my lawn! I was involved in a sputtering project, production not experimental, in 1968.

It is a well-known industrial method for various kinds of non-obvious plating, such as aluminum on PVC. In the experience I referred to above, aluminum, platinum and/or gold were layered onto glass and silicon substrates.

It is how the aluminum interconnect layer is deposited on silicon chips, after all.

Re:Sputtering is experimental? (1)

Reverand Dave (1959652) | about a year and a half ago | (#42786161)

We used AlCu sputtering and AlTi for out interconnects. AlCu looks cool, but is a really dirty process.

Re:Sputtering is experimental? (2)

CanHasDIY (1672858) | about a year and a half ago | (#42762399)

Sputtering [wikipedia.org] is experimental? News to me.

A statement pretty much everyone who ever owned a Chevy Corvair would be hard pressed to disagree with.

Re:Sputtering is experimental? (0)

Anonymous Coward | about a year and a half ago | (#42763031)

Ironic that you mention this a couple of days after I passed a Corvair broken down on the side of the road.

Re:Sputtering is experimental? (1)

tragedy (27079) | about a year and a half ago | (#42766409)

As ironic as ra-a-a-iane on your wedding day.

Re:Sputtering is experimental? (3, Interesting)

plus_M (1188595) | about a year and a half ago | (#42762473)

Maybe by "experimental technique" they meant "a technique that is used in experiments", rather than "a technique that is still in experimental stages". That is how I read it. We often call things such as X-ray crystallography "experimental techniques".

Re:Sputtering is experimental? (2)

henryteighth (2488844) | about a year and a half ago | (#42764783)

Maybe by "experimental technique" they meant "a technique that is used in experiments",

Indeed. It is an "experimental technique" rather than a "theoretical technique" or a "computational technique", say. It's frustrating to read an abstract of a physics paper which sounds like the authors have performed a nifty measurement, only to find that in fact they are proposing an idea, or have performed a simulation, or theoretically analysed the problem. (Don't get me wrong, they're all equally important things, but not the same as performing an experiment). Thus, it's nice to emphasise one's "experimental technique".

Re:Sputtering is experimental? (2)

Lithdren (605362) | about a year and a half ago | (#42762633)

I have no background on this kind of thing so i'm sure someone will come along here and happily correct me if i'm wrong, but the link you provide about Sputtering doesn't seem to have anything to do with what they're doing here.

They're using Sputtering, but in a new way. I'd consider that experimental for most pratical purpuses. One can make a fire and demonstrate quite easily that boiling water produces steam. However when Heron played around with the idea and invented a (rather impratical but somewhat functional) steam engine, i'd say he was working with something experimental.

Shitty idea (-1)

Anonymous Coward | about a year and a half ago | (#42762239)

Devices tend to be flat, not box-shaped. a 3d chip is just going to fatten the device and make it look like shit

tell that to Seymour Cray (4, Informative)

swschrad (312009) | about a year and a half ago | (#42762295)

the 1-X had several layers of chips stacked under the epoxy in the ALU section. had a guy in a class who worked in chippewa falls show me a naked chip, pretty cool.

the technique has been around a while, and chip on chip with one reaching over the divide to another stack has been around for quite a while, too. called "dead bug" assembly.

sputtering has been around since the planar transistor, and before that, in putting the active layer on vacuum tube cathodes.

Re:Shitty idea (0)

Anonymous Coward | about a year and a half ago | (#42764095)

Heaven forbid your chips are a few microns thicker... would the packaging of the chip, let alone the device be any bigger as a result? I would worry more about fitting a larger heat source, and hence more cooling components, into a small space than just the physical size of the actual silicon.

I thought they were already? (0)

Anonymous Coward | about a year and a half ago | (#42762289)

I thought they already were 3D? I mean, I thought processors included layers of circuits, stacked on top of each other?

Re:I thought they were already? (1)

tragedy (27079) | about a year and a half ago | (#42766503)

There are relatively few links between the layers, though. The idea here would be to go from a multi-core processor that's, for example, basically just 8 flat processors sitting one on top of the other with some shared components here and there to a multi-core processor where the 8 individual processors are arranged more like eight spheres clumped together with shared components filling in the gaps. Moving from 2D to 3D could mean packing all the actual components a lot closer to one another, allowing signals to travel shorter distances and, therefore, faster. That's the hope, anyway.

Possibly the least laymans summary yet (1)

AwesomeMcgee (2437070) | about a year and a half ago | (#42762607)

I read a lot of summaries on slashdot on topics I know nothing about, but they usually give me some idea what's going on. This one is giving me no clues but sounds really interesting. I'm not stupid, I just know the software and not the physical medium for squat, please explain this down to relatively smart persons laymans terms someone?

Re:Possibly the least laymans summary yet (0)

Anonymous Coward | about a year and a half ago | (#42764847)

The abstract called it a data rachet. It may be easier to think of it as a staircase taking the data from one layer to the next. Each step is made of a cobalt-platinum magnet and the ruthenium spaces out the steps. (The ruthenium forms a break in the ferromagnetic coupling.) When they provide energy to the system (likely in a current pulse), the data (magnetic state) is moved up by one step. So they can take the output from one layer and walk it up to the next layer with much lower current densities and power requirements.

Come On, Slashdot! (1)

Jane Q. Public (1010737) | about a year and a half ago | (#42762823)

Am I seriously the first one here to see the obvious opportunity for jokes about MOKE signals?

You guys are slipping.

Re:Come On, Slashdot! (0)

Anonymous Coward | about a year and a half ago | (#42764797)

Am I seriously the first one here to see the obvious opportunity for jokes about MOKE signals?

You guys are slipping.

Wake me when they have Secure MOKE signals working.

Re:Come On, Slashdot! (1)

metaforest (685350) | about a year and a half ago | (#42780373)

If it is magic MOKE, you see, then that signals that you need a new 3D chip.

I wonder (1)

overshoot (39700) | about a year and a half ago | (#42762965)

... if it would work better with osmium/iridium instead of platinum? Of course, there's prior art.

Hmm (1)

Intrepid imaginaut (1970940) | about a year and a half ago | (#42763175)

Probably an obvious question but what advantages are we expecting out of 3D microchips that can't be gotten already from massively parallel systems, just a footprint saving or is there more?

Re:Hmm (0)

Anonymous Coward | about a year and a half ago | (#42765015)

The IC itself isn't the "chip"; the package is much bigger. The chip itself is so thin it's almost 2D. If you can stack chips, you can put a whole lot more transistors in a single IC of the same size.

Spintronics, (0)

Anonymous Coward | about a year and a half ago | (#42763509)

Sputtering, transmogrifying, discombobulating... I hope future chip-making keeps digging up funny words like that.

Costs... (1)

alva_edison (630431) | about a year and a half ago | (#42763881)

They effectively made a club-sandwich on a silicon chip of cobalt, platinum and ruthenium atoms

So back of the envelope math based on current die sizes, quoted thickness from the article (several hundred nanoscale layers) and $1600/troy oz price for Pt yields an added material cost of roughly $0.12/chip. So, cheaper than I was expecting.

Check for New Comments
Slashdot Login

Need an Account?

Forgot your password?

Submission Text Formatting Tips

We support a small subset of HTML, namely these tags:

  • b
  • i
  • p
  • br
  • a
  • ol
  • ul
  • li
  • dl
  • dt
  • dd
  • em
  • strong
  • tt
  • blockquote
  • div
  • quote
  • ecode

"ecode" can be used for code snippets, for example:

<ecode>    while(1) { do_something(); } </ecode>