Slashdot: News for Nerds


Welcome to the Slashdot Beta site -- learn more here. Use the link in the footer or click here to return to the Classic version of Slashdot.

Thank you!

Before you choose to head back to the Classic look of the site, we'd appreciate it if you share your thoughts on the Beta; your feedback is what drives our ongoing development.

Beta is different and we value you taking the time to try it out. Please take a look at the changes we've made in Beta and  learn more about it. Thanks for reading, and for making the site better!

cancel ×


karma (-1, Offtopic)

cft (715198) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453067)

Today I'll be spinning on a Wheel
I'm a slave to a Wheel
And there isn't any stopping
What mistake(s) could I have made?
I'm a slave serving time for a life that I've forgotten.

I'm a slave of Karma
Spin the Wheel and I'm a king reborn
I'm a slave to Karma
I'm coming back, yeah, I'll be coming back
But for the last time.

Today I'm a king on the Wheel
Still a slave to the Wheel
But this time around I'm smiling
Keep me cautious, keep me safe, just in case there's a chance
I can leave this Wheel behind me.
Stand in the Middle and you won't get dizzy
Stand in the Middle and you won't fall down
If you stand in the Middle you can keep your balance
Stand in the Middle while the Wheel spins round and round...

I'm a slave of Karma
Spin the Wheel and I'm a king reborn
I'm a slave to Karma
I'm coming back, yeah, I'll be coming back
But for the last time.
I'm a slave of Karma
Spin the Wheel and I'm a King reborn
I'm a slave to Karma
I'm coming back, yeah, I'll be coming back
But for the last time.

How do all the Wheels inside the Wheels revolving,
Go on, and on, and on, and on, and on...
Spinning on the Wheel the souls of One evolving,
Live on, live on, live on, live on, live on...
Anyone who claims that they know the answer's coming back again...

Who's at the center of the Wheel
The inventor of the Wheel
or another spinning servant
I'm the Master of my Wheel of my very own Wheel
Universal and recurrent

I'm a slave of Karma
Spin the Wheel and I'm a King reborn
I'm a slave to Karma
I'm coming back, yeah, I'll be coming back
But for the last time.

REMEMBER THE MAINE! [*] (-1, Troll)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453406)

I wish I was a big studly manly man like Donald Rumsfeld so that I could imaginarily assrape that sweet West Virginia hillbilly hosemonster, Jessica Lynch!

I wouldn't even insist that she tell me that she went down fighting and shot personally 1,237 Iraqis dead!

[*]Being that it was the prototypical case of the war^H^H^Hdefense department totally misrepresenting a situation for propaganda purposes to inflame the masses for a faux war.

Pattent System (2, Insightful)

spooje (582773) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453079)

Great now if we can just get the USPTO to review the entire pattent process we should be all set.

Re:Pattent System (0)

freedommatters (664657) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453086)


Re:Your Sig (-1, Offtopic)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453133)

Exactly what has happened to you since 9/11 that has interfered with the way you live that in any way demonstrates an erosion of your constitutional rights? I think you'll be hard-pressed to come up with anything that justifies your sig.

Re:Your Sig (1)

freedommatters (664657) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453223)

what part of my sig says that anything has happened since 9/11 that has interefered with the way i live my life that in any way demonstrates an erosion of my constitutional rights?

Re:Your Sig (0)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453594)

I think he means the part of your sig that says something has happened since 9/11 that interfered with the way you live your life in a way that demonstrates an erosion of your consitutional rights.

Re:Pattent System (5, Interesting)

*weasel (174362) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453190)

there's something to be said for limited application resubmissions.

the current malicious patent application process is to submit as broad and vague a patent as possible (particularly in software) and resubmit over and over, narrowing it down only as much as the particular examiner requires.
(not all patent applying company's do this - but the ones who do, -always- do).

at some point there should be a mechanism to prevent such obvious and disingenuous 'gaming' of the system.

the patent idea is supposed to be cooperative: a limited monopoly for an inventor in return for public disclosure of the invention (provided it meets the qualifications for being patentable), with the intent of enriching the public domain.

the business practice of filing patents for litigation purposes (sue your competitors out of business because they can't even afford to -defend- themselves) - is equal parts sickening and maddening.

Patent litigation should have to go through a review process at the USPTO to determine fitness of the claim (paid for by the sue-er, reimbursed by the infringer in the event of guilt).

instead we wind up having vague patents that are pushed across a reviewer's desk as fast as possible, being enforced in a court of law that does not and should not have the technical expertise to determine veracity of the claim.

If there was an internal USPTO review process prior to litigation - then they'd have the authority to revoke, suspend, or demand more specific clarification of overly broad patents that slipped through.

but for some reason there's never a call to restructure the procedures for established government bureaus. even when disaster strikes, and the problems hit the forefront, the solution always seems to be simply to create yet-another-layer of bureaucracy.

paid for by the sue-er? (0)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7454285)

This is a joke right?

So what your saying is I have to have cash for lawyers AND the USPTO?

The US Patent system is flawed in so many ways. All the US needs to do is look at other countries who are getting their act together.

The US is for instance the only country that allows a Priority Date based on what a person claims, rather than the date filed.

As for broad patents ... well you need to be as broad as possible in your claims, but at the end of the day ... MOST COUNTRIES also look at the description.

The US just loves those legal bull *BURP* shit claims above all else, which is where the lawyers have a field day. Which lawyers? The lawyers on BOTH sides.

As for software patents, I wouldn't have no problem with them if they were specific [to a product] AND (yes the big and) the company actually demonstated a use, rather than just make a claim which they hope might be applicable to something in the future.

Maybe I should have studied law instead of engineering. Then again I'd be in striking distance of a giant bunch of arseholes on a daily basis ... all more than willing to sue for anything I might do to them.

Re:paid for by the sue-er? (1, Insightful)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7454800)

if you want to sue someone over a patent, sure.

you had lawyers to file the claim - doesn't seem like a stretch to me.

if there is infringement, you'll reclaim your expenses 100% on top of any settlement.

hell a fee for the USPTO pre-litigation exam wouldn't even be necessary. most company's would shirk away at unnecessary litigation at the mere thought of giving the USPTO another look at their carefully overly-broad patent.

surprisingly though, it's -not- the lawyers who are propagating this type of stuff. at least, not the IP lawyers i've met (dealing with 2 firms of them and their foreign associates, i'd say i've met quite a few).

thing is, they're paid to file the suits their clients want filed. if they don't file ridiculous suits, they'll lose their client.

for instance -there is a certain cereal manufacturer that loves to sue people for supposed infringements on their 'trademark' - even in situations where it's -clearly- not a competing product, industry, or company. most times the -only- similarity is in regards to the -type- of animal they have for their trademark.

their business people come up with these desires to sue. each time they are warned that the odds of winning are astronomically against them, but the client insists - so what do you expect them to do? play moral judge and lose a client? c'mon. they're a for-rofit business. no firm would stand for one lawyer acting up like that - they'd be out of a job before the client could sneer. they advise against ridiculous suits - but they don't refuse them.

not all lawyers are ambulance chasers. most ip lawyers come from technical backgrounds - and think surprisingly similar to most /.-ers.

it's a shame.... (0)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7454937)

That such an insightful post will be filtered by most as being a 0. Bummer.

2nd post, or third .. (-1, Troll)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453090)

GNAA Announces responsibility for kernel backdoor
By Tim Copperfield
Raleigh, NC - GNAA (Gay Nigger Association of America) this afternoon announced one of their loyal members was responsible for planting the "backdoor" inside the popular opensores operating system, Lunix [] (Stocks [] , Websites [] ).

In a shocking announcement this afternoon, GNAA representative goat-see revealed that the mistery hacker who penetrated high-security defenses of the Lunix "source code" repository and injected viral gay nigger seed deep inside the kernel was indeed a full-time GNAA member.
"This is serious," goat-see began. This is a first event of such magnitude since GNAA opened its doors to new members in 1996. Until now, we were gathering new members by announcing our group information on a popular troll website, [] , but this is a whole new era. By injecting our holy gay nigger seed right into the Lunix kernel, we will be able to immediately collect thousands of members. "Make the most of the next six weeks," he added. "We will grow in numbers more than you can possibly imagine".
Insertion of the GNAA backdoor came right between the consideration of Novell [] to buy out the entire Lunix Kernel programming team, and will most likely positively affect the decision. By adding all the gay niggers working for Novell with the gay niggers developing Lunix kernel source, GNAA will be all-powerful and will begin plotting our next plans to add "backdoors" into the next favorite operating system, BeOS [] .

About GNAA
GNAA (GAY NIGGER ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA) is the first organization which
gathers GAY NIGGERS from all over America and abroad for one common goal - being GAY NIGGERS.

Are you GAY [] ?
Are you a NIGGER [] ?
Are you a GAY NIGGER [] ?

If you answered "Yes" to all of the above questions, then GNAA (GAY NIGGER ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA) might be exactly what you've been looking for!
Join GNAA (GAY NIGGER ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA) today, and enjoy all the benefits of being a full-time GNAA member.
GNAA (GAY NIGGER ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA) is the fastest-growing GAY NIGGER community with THOUSANDS of members all over United States of America. You, too, can be a part of GNAA if you join today!

Why not? It's quick and easy - only 3 simple steps!

First, you have to obtain a copy of GAY NIGGERS FROM OUTER SPACE THE MOVIE [] and watch it.

Second, you need to succeed in posting a GNAA "first post" on [] , a popular "news for trolls" website

Third, you need to join the official GNAA irc channel #GNAA on EFNet, and apply for membership.
Talk to one of the ops or any of the other members in the channel to sign up today!

If you are having trouble locating #GNAA, the official GAY NIGGER ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA irc channel, you might be on a wrong irc network. The correct network is EFNet, and you can connect to or as one of the EFNet servers.
If you do not have an IRC client handy, you are free to use the GNAA Java IRC client by clicking here [] .

About Lunix
Lunix is an operating system. An operating system is the basic set of programs and utilities that make your computer run. Some other common operating systems are Unix (and its variants BSD, AIX, Solaris, HPUX, and others); DOS; Microsoft Windows; Amiga; and Mac OS.
Lunix is Free Software. Now, just because it's Free, doesn't necessarily mean it's free. Think "free" as in "free speech," not "free beer," as we in the Free Software/Open Source community like to say. In a nutshell, software that is free as in speech, like Lunix, is distributed along with its source code so that anyone who receives it is free to make changes and redistribute it. So, not only is it ok to make copies of Lunix and give them to your friends, it's also fine to tweak a few lines of the source code while you're at it -- as long as you also freely provide your modified source code to everyone else. To learn more about free software and the major software license it is distributed under, called the General Public License (GPL), go here [] .

If you have mod points and would like to support GNAA, please moderate this post up.
By moderating this post as "Underrated", you cannot be Meta-Moderated! Please consider this.

| ______________________________________._a,____ |
| _______a_._______a_______aj#0s_____aWY!400.___ |
| __ad#7!!*P____a.d#0a____#!-_#0i___.#!__W#0#___ |
| _j#'_.00#,___4#dP_"#,__j#,__0#Wi___*00P!_"#L,_ |
| _"#ga#9!01___"#01__40,_"4Lj#!_4#g_________"01_ |
| ________"#,___*@`__-N#____`___-!^_____________ |
| _________#1__________?________________________ |
| _________j1___________________________________ |
| ____!4yaa#l___________________________________ |
| ______-"!^____________________________________ |
` _______________________________________________'

Losers. (-1, Offtopic)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453673)

Yet another automated post, and not a single word about anal gel.

oh! (-1, Troll)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453096)

I just wanna fuck some tight asian pussy. Just once in my life please!

How many times... (4, Insightful)

Space cowboy (13680) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453111)

... has this happened in the US ?

If this can be duplicated for other patents, could this a possible route to pointing out how futile software patenting is ? I'd guess that if the USPTO had to constantly re-examine s/w patents they might be more leery of granting them ...


Re:How many times... (4, Informative)

Zeinfeld (263942) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453336)

... has this happened in the US ?

Director ordered re-exams are rare, a few hundred a year. They tend to only take place when the USPTO is absolutely forced to.

In this case the director is responding to a public request made by Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the World Wide Web on behalf of the 600 odd companies in his consortium. This is the type of request that the director of the USPTO can hardly afford to ignore.

There are other ways to obtain a re-examination. Anyone can file at any time by paying a fee. The problem is that the re-exam process tends to be as prefunctory as the exam process and if you lose at re-exam the courts are likely to reject challenges based on the material presented in the re-exam.

I suspect that we will see the Eolas patent quickly evaporate. Director ordered re-exams in the middle of littigation are highly unusual. The trigger for obtaining a director ordered re-exam is considerably higher than the threshold for invalidating a patent.

Re:How many times... (1)

Malcontent (40834) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453905)

More likely the Directory is responding because huge donors to the administration stand to lose if this patent is upheld.

Re:How many times... (1)

Zeinfeld (263942) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453980)

More likely the Directory is responding because huge donors to the administration stand to lose if this patent is upheld.

It is possible, but over the years most of the pressure on the USPTO has come from patent barons and the lawfirms who service them lobbying to keep the rules loose.

I see this more as a recognition by the patent baron donors that trying to defend the Eolas patent might end up as the catalyst to wider reforms which would hurt their interests.

Re:How many times... (2, Insightful)

joab_son_of_zeruiah (580903) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453350)

This has nothing to do with the concept of software patents, or there merit.

The reason for this is because there are patent lawyers that would be out of work if were not for software patents.

There will be about as much progress here as there has been in tort law reform.

Re:How many times... (1, Interesting)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453584)

This just shows how little you know about the legal system. Tort reform is unnecessary, as it's not really out of control (a few big judgments aside).
The US gov. did a study a few years back which I'm having trouble finding. It shows that the average tort case is for a car accident with a settlement of $10,000. No biggie. They don't talk about 99.9999% of the tort cases on TV.

Re:How many times... (0)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453650)

This was what I was referring to: Tort Reform []

Re:How many times... (0)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7455721)

Most likely, they'll say "See, the system works!" and happily go on to grants patents for things like putting pants on one leg after another.

I've always wondered (5, Funny)

levik (52444) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453119)

If you lisence Amazon's 1-Click patent, do they give you an SDK to help understand this advanced and innovative technology?


Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453201)

begin-base64 644 hello.jpg
AAwDAQACEQMRAD8A+QX5b zif3eRfWdffSeed94JG5nN8QPzkfFJY5jc6X3m7AQ50b1nCQ2q icTaH
oxw2Eqv3rBfl/WX20kU/M3eFGDrqjjvPS8J04aPWeap 38L5T0/DRbh9P84i2aeIjTmzN/LJqn/Tj
2tK1NGb0W07FHLQ Ub2/rFlpk+6EV8jfvpKXsE9jLBstNhaVB1USWWV7Z1bR7esVUk 1nJ3Ih67WzM
RvFkbNWB9bSqfxMkx/amW7XjNAqrD8MDTymhl PWGWkQt+g/f6TVbBg1aWYKMrGxO8ZRLPkyjKIjR
qsGyWAyma NMBU1OveI/ZkWReZc20MRzZjF8OxetqeX8owT9seotBWBk8k5T kAO4mbjaHi0z6zTzg
m3eK1dFMJjzyUs1Xn0CmP0qZaw+Ewdd LYgqOut4yoyLYaAQZ0auy6iyqcsuguV3lUUtbfTpGETQQ
12Y hEvlEIq7XllGqwiJe0mP1RCpY2+UsFP7+cutMld9faEyWUzGKZ Ra07JcdYQgC39pwIzWmMSqW
bfvLEakd5wa1jeRqVJvrEayNy tZO6GcRlqs0t37SQM2btf8AzFD0AdFYa6X2gaxSzFd409LPfWC a
gFUkkAxk8Ciam5vD0x+/nA5crRiiOZY4A9NDZYVVl6a/Zgy GGUGTpsKJudSOssdRKA3MvqL+kHEI
Gp+/6wJ7H5w1X4usXJ1 Avv1vKpCMjJrbrBstmh0NyCdjKlcygjeHIFVij07pfrFWXK1jt NAjWx/O
CqUwwlIuhWrsDe7AStRbFmv+9ZxbJe/SI4zF2Yqh6 95XlSs5uLWA2JxISjE/rLMmYdYtUqNUpeva
M4bDsaYzaDtEk 7sso0qFbO7EKCQI6mE5bv8AvSOJQSkLKOboZLiwFtpoq8BbBpT Cg23kVCFW3b/i
STZdNItiG5Wa+lu/tHWMArJ4Eaj5zu/tIO4 knpCEn0kNu1xtvIH7/rLE7mYJB8p9pzbSoPJaQfML
9Tr+UNA 7LE7e86ief5CU+Ae/6y1E2VpugrdDNP7m3oP7T1PDh/oaXqpnl kPJc/OeqwWmFor2UxO2
bzfVB6g5n9oPGnkW3U6QlTzN/NA4w 6Lb8OkEnglHaFGN6b33kfGoPz0lmH2V/WUGtQRKwit7B4g8
r 36RSmedrdGjWIIClu0VoLapY/OMo4GTxZp4XmJv5R6R6k+VURh dv7zOw7ZVt8VvzjqlQw17zPQr
Wt/mIs4GZSmSSNdYPEEGzDYQaVLVChW36TmOYMhhM7vIn XW1de67yV201lq45s/UylM/aLDQfSG6
Asub1h/SUp+Qwqbj0 gAEppfLGKdO4ItIQcl+sl3tmAi8Qp2yb2DbyC1xIHNf1lHNtvl M0a7RLNqf
ScuoX1lAwGp2nAsWKjaLTQU7CqpYqekMALSiLe8 ME5dYpgZ2E6k2a3rIrEAsflBUagziBrGBrdZD
n4tYOrT1Zi2 l9YRzye0hCBy/DtAkDoQdSpJtc/8AMLT0IAnVtCe8Erc1h8o5m zUT7oW+UnzQNE/Z
WlBVNOtb4YvYydobCWNh30lrebtKpXV6a t8UKDzCbQoCrS5LiZ1YFWPoJtVAcpIiOJRSxW3WxmTy
MxSlU vynf/mFJtqsXYaj5yyMAbWFpUlWS1SxD+kCWszQ981x0JgKosC 0YGhbEpmW+0wsQjrWa46z
0F7g31ImdVpDxxrqu0LjcRVnZTC 4UcrP8J1j1NbKptaTTSyyzC1OPCFZYspEHQ5uxgmvpOqNc6/O
BvnjP0ZbO7H2gMYpXBn2jCm7KB+94rxKoFwZbuIPbGjl0eEIO 849J1ut5x6QmOGwMhtVKzh5R8pz
fv8ApMN2QTZZUi5W5239Z ZtpBF79tYUDs5jofzk0Tam5textaVI0aTRP2J9TD0LHEhlBala /Weuw
i2o0z3BNp5FPu6frPX0dEpD0iLbG8mUkcx1v3aCxZ5l A/lBljuvvBYrRwOoMWRKOwLG1IepvIQ2r
D3nP90shTarE/Cv Qtiz9m1vygqYy5XOvcQuLBFJj6f4ggc9Md46ysDf6odota1jdu hvLLUJKEG/S
3eBpAZu2n5SVUh1XY3g6N2a638LMTcdTeFw7X BI7Zv3+UzqdZlIpMeS9rxvDVGpVbkXVraQ0K1gd
wr5adxe/l M0kr3qBG0O7TJpFkqslxqbxpaofGKdgBzxGhn7GatElmq/D1N4 LKQi23G8OrOaPMpy9
oOo2fM1PVZgZFq7A4ZW2aCw5vV9pGJ0 pmRg+Y3jpWC6NJdKcNTNiRbWCXVV95KNrceaLRk7G89ul
7Tl F75j+7Si6a9IQt3vFDdFiwQD/ADAM9rH9ZWrUubHaBuTrM/YQt 82moENTbU6WiwNiYdBrF6sK
/RxLAG8mrVCgRUVbAfvvBVKuY 3MWg90RUqln9D6yaa3A1g1FzmEYp09SO0IRq2dG13i+fwq5BJy 3
haakLcwVdc67a9YtdGLVluC/r3iWzdukYufD8OxvF30JHrr GoW/Y5Qa/zhjTzW9Ythz5bd48inKI
rGsWCsGBG0LTrNygkgm XyHSUNIltPNFvZpBDiLrre0pUqZ82uvvBFXW110i7uyMDlOUjt Gw9Gv2T
UFifSCvYfO0J4oqKt/MTBHW380dMXsIDp695LkMNo NHlukoIxVj4dYfh/tFa4y4pT02McrLdcp3G
8Tr86D8SnWUg7 J9jIOVd5Rqm46QJqXbXaQTdWP6SuxbVZON2J9N/WVflUgGx3nU 2+I9dZSo2rA+t
5uNZBydkCplNzpl1mRxzEZMKEDWNrbxzFPl psT2nkOK416+KZegF5uPSHT7YufLJGsi9xIGgiFeq
JA0HtJM gHacWy7ibsFlX0v6ytRjzegkudf36Tn1v7RkC+yH6+/8AiTS+6 Mq2rXlk0o976zPQIjdM
XqUl7sZ7Klug7L+s8dQH2tEb8/6T2 NMcpHpaJ0bzPCKWvlHrA43zsYyFLOnq0BjlvUPrJ7Ei/khR
9 aSzl++b2nVBZUF7yFa9Rjb0gqmP0CqcwMRPJVZG0GbWaIGZjE8 QNGcjrcmFDXVUNUluqs3KWX9Z
dOY66aRajVcZTuVGqlusbRl LOybW0Eb0G+yivkqqp3WHFa+HpW8wP6QCpfm3YCUZspuNFvcGa tj2
rs3qDqaa1gdQtmhaFPNWp9BexmajZcqqdHJFo7hq5NQ0y 3OdRA9CrbNd3u9Kmq82fNDfVVDOMtrt
B4WkHUVTo1riPgeKo cggjQ67ybwNxtGJjcMCuQ/Fv/SJ4EHMQd1M3cRSzIQfN3mUieF jGPQmUgyc
7oZqPlp+8tQN1DHrFcQ92VR6Q6vlVLflDLYq0Ml +UyrvpAB7g+06o9vit7mI0MnjJZmsQNIPMxFx
20gfGDkZQze gjVHC4iow0y376wPGRtllZV+ct4mgy6xulw1QoV9bQ64dEAsBe I2rG6EFFQyRQ2z9
JoZAOk5aGbS3mgB/QpTXlsBCoGOye0fp4 UDpqY2uDW1wIHhjVZkhT1XSTla9yk2Rw+6qbaH1nHhq
lb6wG rBhDDtcabSFwOZlLnpNxsBdmtbXaWHDntdhp2jXS2bj7MpKHhk C8uoY2Aaaf1JQTfUH0llw
6L0GkU1MybPoQJYUKl5qLSXl03l korltNeBv0yHpOOhlPCtoV2m0aQ+IXO8XeipuSL239YUsgejN
bDU2FgOaL1MCLMVmm1AAnoR6wRQjreNTSwLS7MaphqlPaVDkG zCx3mywuTmEDUwyv05u8a32Loy6
i9QLmZ9bkuDNd8KyPpe0z sTSOUkj/mUjsV5sRDnLeWBGXpvBMciG5uRBmoVNjOtas5Wrwg+ ey5ZS
o50PrA1KwObS3zimPxYpUnu3XvNWMmTbdCHGMeqLlXs BPM3apVPU5o3W8TGYgkAlbzTwnCRTdfEF
2bW1ojlGNllF2kZ I83paQNgJw80kaJm6iIUvFnDcTn+L2/xO2Eja3oJkbtkVRaob9 9f6SG6e0hxz
CSwupjXoV4pEMNIRDZA3TeAbaHUfZrA9B1gbw uuMoL/HPY0xzfKePwA/+Qww/jnr6flb2ipWmJ5t
pBcOl6lP+ W8FjU+0Y9jGcMP9RT7ZZTGU71DFrBPlbsx6otklE3bL8ozXTVf 5YrbmqRaLRlg6mcrE
jbpBOA1MqfnCIdT/ACyrddN2ifo3Ykr mlULEXvrHqLg0zlHMxypFK6XVXXptA0WIOXNsZVZGSSRr
KbK zDe0G5V6eQfCtz+UAawVblrE7SRUQICQQrHSMjD1Mmmtm81rrH +H0alfGq4HlXQzNOJzVaTBe
ZhN3AumEpCoCLqsRxMns0MPWW lVWk7WG01qVanlCkTyqsxqNXd9egmphq7HrzEyTRRPo1Koy1Lk X
vMfFUijF+gjP1iqFHUgX94GpU+sUmR9Gt+sMMMXyPBnFs2I ZvhhPGVbO72AmSMTWav4FFCW0N/lN
fBcEqVwHxLHT/tx5P2T UGtlExTVC1PD087jpHKHCK+IqK+Jc9rCbGHwNGgqqidY2oAS0R yYySWRT
DcOp0MtkF+5EcWmEUWGs4C42ldqlmO28m23sZJFnI Fz0lDa9ztKGoSQoHLDUsOzNzm0NUaqBqBnU
9DGaVEnpsIWjR Ub62jagdesIeNMDSpksLiOUlN10nLlFjDIUyk9otj0itmVLZTp K1GI1+GNKyZL3
GYSrimbqOugi2NFIRNVlJ5bZd5313lsd7wm ICsrMTpM6syqxMz2FLAxUxOZLLBk1LsTF6ZNs4NzH
LUopnbQxd6LdO8ItcsVuvvOYsw2vG VvYrVKkKshv0g+YPHlscpPSV8Baqia8C0lgQY3Ci2pi1bDJ
U TbQzTfCFQGgThmBAtKa0K1k8xjuFOWNWle56fOedxWJ+qOyVhk PrPc4x1w6AtvayzDr4deMDwzT
5TrKx8tYJPx2eWqcTpmm2tu sz8QmJxlRlCXHae4wn0Ew6VPFZ2YKes1D9H0y5EUfKF+ZbCvHT weH
oYHwKICqM7azVwSUkqmpV0K+W81cTwk0V7AW/WZj4cbHc SapjODWzwQMsDYekqN7yT5flKGO6SCb
A+xliNJRup6WmRiHP N+c5r5T85z6E/Oc3lPzjCxyUcWJHaHGlNYs5uhMZtyqfeaWh37 HsAL8ToD+
OetXyuB2tPKcM5uLUz2Yz1aDkcj5RemS83Q3hF+ 3p6/Df9/lK4nVy0thf9yD0CTqwvUYekCJXkQx
Cc6j0iOUjOT NXEJ9sB6RCqvn9YGuxosVU2YjsLSnwqfW8sq6N3lT5NO2khaqi 7voqEvSse9olXBR
3UAAsbqZofAb/i1gMYl6Ib4l0EaMq2PeR apU8RzmFgp5haTSqlh4b65VsB2keMyVGZ1HP5tIMMTV
apaxl rTwLeDQtlr02U6Br3mkcTkwiBjzW2vvpMai/iVlA8q+aMpS8XE rUqZvDbyiL+DYwzXwuIar
kNs1Vh+U2qGEqq6m2Xr3mbw3DfV cQpddMu5m5hcWFIaoDmbRVk5IdBqVGzKW1VRlOs7G4MeHnpWz
2hwyquWx5tpn1OIqocjWIrbNOlVEYHCUqNTNk5mO810HlG0z1 rJcqWAIEaXiOGWwd7MDHXoRvNsc
QanQ+97S7ZE03MSw+PpYy pkot4mXt+/3eMFlVvtPN+/8RXEONEeIxA32komYEwtEU2GUODG qeGsu
g0gvA3G8MWp0fKAPeMrSa3eNU6IzC62+UPTpAHNlMyw CrFKNF1Vc25hkTymNikCVubD2l/DCrdem
0HeStdoUykDbaUL FQ1to8aF1bKDoJH1JgjMfLrFvsbjgy6j1FDWb0gnxVRV9R1mrU wV1Y29YrVwQ
YGZNAqhCtjXsVvymKVaj1CbXjtTB3NukXqUch NmEZIWXpC4SvSN6baDS0aw+IYsbaVLW1gSzJmF5
UhHqF/Eys N5qeAAiSa2mgvaxlD4pBsPML7y70VqVDUNS4J6R7D/VkQbtpGj ozy7FKGHdvhJj9LCM
BtYCMU8TRRVyi7LJONVhbZZnkyqy4wh 81vlDCiQLDzQa40Ea/wBpcYtN76+0TNjfpDUFDbWvsIF6
eUt kFgdowa6NrEMVxPD0bqHzP0A+cdKxJUrYVX5WVtxA4vHYbD+Jm qAtfQA+szq+IxuMutGnk9ZS
hwB0qZsSXcgG4JlFSJ8XIyMS2 I4tjvIRTB/f956bhPA6dKmuZde8ew3DFRVKoN9SBNOnTORSF0v a
8td1OjT3WJoHLlCnMJ4 7i9Nkxaue+sNUyXlisnygTh1/fScP1nWsCfSVOVUkSvT2nA2K/ KRfKSO1
5I1K/KYYp0+UsTZVbtKkaH0nMdxCIu0VI8q/vrDNq b+kEdD6j/mEboP3vMx77RqcJt/1dRPVU9nv
5c08rwcf/Kg+l 56ka037ExOmiPm+yHMGR47fyStU3rN/NpJwgviH9VtKuftL263 h6JVlkVFu+U9o
nUW1Op66/wBI61/E1PSAqD7BvaboKMplyq3 eLvoimP10yhjEHGUKvaQlHB0QdvBy6KJaooJVDtKD
ye0mob1 Ae5i1gf8A2sBiKYoZKwOyxVOauLcqNaaFZQ+VDsZn0/8ATYhAV umlwfkJaGcEpJ3YfD2S
s9K1lZv8TQDCnSovfLZrmIYS+Jrs1 tjNRMOuZlbVEHXrC8NoutKzWXEl6PZrnSO4RS7rUPNc3mZh
q Oc3J5Re+s3aYVNSMq22vJMdJIM5Z6a6bRQYbVgW5B1hVrmpU35 ZNSqXommguSNTETC0msi60VZW
dW3iApP4/iNs3NaalHl8Rdh JNHNiqFhqqx17E45M9fGwNcV6PkqeYT0PDscjKTWXMNueKtQp1 qpp
FbDeMUsIuUCoM5z6g9YGFK8GwyUKh0IzSiVKuGqDK4en2 itLBZXNXMwDdO00KfDqJBd2I6+0V+iv
FjdHiGHqoNMrGOowO YqbkTPXhqrz0x00Ms1HE0itSlqB8N5rTYqi1ZpquYgdzGqNEbg atEcDi6Na
qKbE02/j00mzTIzLlsSdrNtC9D8tFfAFOmuRdje Q1PNSPeO+HYWJNrWvaAYqDrYa2tEbpmjITdAy
69IrWpJbVtY xiMTRSmxZtD6zKq8SVg2tz3gX4Pz6KVFzMxJsTEK6oFOwHaFfE lyQFaZOLWt9dZjc
q24vGgsiN2xxlz62iz07NzLIw+KelSy1f NvpClkdM+cEDuYaaEbpZF1QMwNtGFoVE5LypNLKQtT4
u8Acb TAYC5EorYthwTULZdbSww2ILMCluv8ASdQx1MHVct99YVeICqt RqlSxItKKN2J3RT6tWNRV
z5TePJwpUsKuK/iv+xMSrjyi1K3 jAMraA6zPHG6+NxXhJUfIp69fSL/HJINq8G5iwEqNRw9W4PxR
fD0FOI8JLlr6PCogGBJA5u8vw9Wp42m9t/y/ekyjkrGmrZs4P BoAhZN5sJgVdTfcCAUKMOQXBYdj
eXfFFaS82Vjub7QuKQ14Q waaYekvPcwZxKKWVLFe5mPieItmKgM7C1gIOjhuKcSOWmjUqW2 Zxa/y
iU22a0lkaq4j63VOHpaltWaO4TCChQYMbORrGcBwujw 9Fyi77EnrCOEaqAe9iYdDqXJUYmIpZnNp
5bjuHtSz5J9Br4Q IC2Xpf+s8px4IaDqRYgzNtmmlKNo/Pg6e8k/dEdbSOrTm2Mt2c HRzedvnOHw+
wk9DIOy+0xlsq50b5zrXv6TmFs8rexP77xuhG 82S+1utv8wri1QD1MC/ww7WFQ26GB6GiafBBfiH
sv8AxPT/A PZf3M83wH/7J/RZ6RdVHv8ApEE8r+f9DuE+/q+g/WUcc595fCi 1Sr7CUI+0PqYeiHdl
XPO9+g1lWH2Jv2ksb1G/lnf9u38UIRO sv2bFvYzOxC5XmtUFqDWt6TNxS2usTyZK+NpMWX7s+0l/
Ost 1t+95R/vVkLtMudV8ywNRQ6MbXfeGqeYSgUNmBjRlTA1aF8HWX D1KlInUmejRLoLeZgZ5msft
U6ZRNrCYvxEVPwtKbof8G6IbD 03c3NMMRc+00KuK8VG3taCyqKQfsb2nUwmZlPSLSaGp3Zo4dUN N
Wvza6R2rTWmpdDmVhrYTJp51qIybDaPrWelSWo68o1iccjd WHp0+di66SyUyjZm+JYxhKiYqkQLE
7AQ3girU59gIsX0N0KA s1UrbXvHqVJlVXdtSLxYnLUa+95Z8UmUUiNbWvA5BqjTV7lD+E Xyx7CUR
VJub3NgJkYZmqLn76zb4aqgZCc5g7LwwP0h4aC2uU 7SlVslZsoup6Q+JamiCmnKYO4dUcaWXmEKq
hpZEMTSTEI2TS p8DHSK0PrmGqnw6zHJ3mpUorVpsw0YdInYhTcWqLBdaEl4x2hx nFGiLkEr3iOJ4
jjHcKFsGN7/KVW6vktmzH84V1LghfhGsNWJ wSuhBxfM1TE3y9IB8ThaagBrd7y+OwyugSqMluUOJ
gcXwtbB L4obxELax4wUiUnKLo1a3F8rN4eW6nXSItxVncA2Ex6Yr1L8pJ +I94V8LiUQs3e95aPhi
CpvrY6cUHII0HrKCpSKBjUY9coi9B SarIy5mvlBhlwTVWcZLW5mHrKrxpC1K8lGq5b6k80p9ZOcq
g B/WFGGQUmzczN5SOvrGKdHDUqOeswC2sIFFNjrxSy2KU6lWpmV U5h2kMfDS1Spb1nOrsuJrq6JR
o1MpX8Uwcc1R1BLWGZZlJJs pHwNps3BUwtRerX1MX4So/wCoVrqV58y+0a4TQR2Iby5T+s9rg +G4
OlTRygub3izmczSTdmQHC0QAr5SISj4z1E8Kk5ZTy6TXr 1sMgGVASY/g8QivpTUDfb1knJ7RaKwU
wXDcfXVbIEU9TNen9 HaSIHr1WZuoi7Y6qrqqjkvLDH1CbsQVzbwO3Zmp4pmgMHw3CLm NNWPciWrc
Tw6llphSV5b2sLzJrsGSmxqfeEDLM56yZjUBy5l 1i6eTLxJu3k06+PWoQyNp0gmqbW3vvM/DurKh
JFhLfWVNTKN UMyZdRVjuI4tkFMFdQdR855f6QVBWqPUTyTYrjN9oV1MxsfRar hwMltbyqpgeFg+A
g3BPecRcmdlt+Uk7n3lDzpPFEnS8je047 Tl1t7/rMHqyh+KQ5sZY7H99JV94yFeGc2pUfKGYXcjb
N/SAB 1W22bSMOftWU9N/6wMbrBrcA/3tVu4vaekB5FHbU/lPOfR8f6m p3t/iejTXw/X/ABBWLI+T
7scwYOase2kpe9Qn+LSEwZutU9z Bhftb+v6QLQkst2UItUPqLSyn7K/8Uq2lR/SWFjS/8oQPpg6v
3DTNxexP9Jp1LCibzKxbaadorqnZSH2FSbOOsqx+19jadf7Rf SQwPiEHe8idBzn7Ufn/AElqe5v3
/wAyr/fg9MsNgqX1jFeH3 MCtyNSqhLE4WoaQrahcsJwqsv1h0JsScw1nrm4UMRgfDy5tL6T yWP4d
X4Ziznp2W9gROlxxgXxz5Piz0tKohUhjpaCC3Ib5Ed5 l0Maag0YeW80uHt41emguQReRyWujWw7a
pfbrHFqK48NvIR+ UVWnkfKZOYgG+lnymL2USXEPwuocPjqtIfCbDXb1m9VASk7dh0 6zy7A0cZTqh
rLUujGelwtZcTg8raVPURJR7AmuxI3asnXX89 pWpRd2bJbL0hcQnhm6aH+06g6KpvcCCqRaKTZo4
WjUsqqpyg 956bhWEGRSVs6jeJcJQVqaErqZvKTSpkra/W0CzspJKKpbM3EF RWLHpE6mNyVCbjI3y
vNavhqVWgbtzTFxfDsz+GbkfDaHQHLN BVxlM0vFVjkvlvCM9FmKu6qzDNY7zsBRXDKtKrTFSle97
TuI 4DB4igtamzLiKdgADFlTeDcqQriKAZ1KN5fwnaGSlUFKo9xc+a 3WY2CNZ8dVwKsVcc9Mk6tH6
/wBaRS4zA902hSkLzTAcTD0MP nfm57jW9pmV1WrhlRuZbBgP0k18TWxCnDs1gD1l66/VsC1S/lX N
f5S6xbIS2l+nf9NxGDwK4h8LVXDpbxGCFh+Y9YHFY7DNRpO x+xLZSOvvPZ8Z+m3B2+jj4bANTq1M
RSKCnccgIKgn/wArD3n y52ZgGYXVTf0lOS429sv/AIzlNNSVUEo4yolTaxNQZZqnHo9E0 T5Sc7HN
qy9veeeqs1gFYBlOYSoTEuwKoxU8oic5HZLxReWbe A41h8KMSlSirmtTyBvwN3EUx9LPh0rZx4If
JkvqJlnDVkqEV Eysp1EbolXrK+IZjTD3e20Km0qYZeFXyjoGwDBKdMDKo577E/r E8bSvhyB0s09F
W4aBhqGIR0UVbVVT8Kesy3T7Nhb4b2i3Usj ri4UgnC6pIRg3KQflPV08TV+ps2b1vfaeBwdR8HiS
BzUS1hN 6hx1aLNhymZweZTKNHj+WNSaRpNiD9Zpbhc09IvKtI0VU5x16T zWEweKxdRHROUG156zB
YDFDDU6LhRlG8S0k7HTwqKnE4jKMx yj1i78QPhGiTcDtNw8CWuAa9Ym/b9+0YXg2DoAkJd+xiuZn
J WeOxPEKr01RA5UbG0AtTFVDZKbW636z2VbBYS18ihfaAelRFFi ig27CLfse/RgU8PWKhahI0uQJ
oYXBJlA3IHeEbIrqztubS+F xdCkwvcqxtKRjas11hF/q+ZRdSRvaCxmFAw73WzDT+seocRwyL d9u
ukyOO8bpvh38PQgXgcXVh51g/NCiwzSxGvylDf5S17n+k uefe2RfW0k6ZZUC7X+csfKJjWqKvoG7
Sj/Csu3UdJw+E9oUC Xs6kPtl/mhm5qpPeL0jasvveGfWqlvaB7DFWbX0eFq7/wAk9En lT+aef4CL
Yh+v2YnoKY0T3vAtEvN9xrCeSsf4pA1qD+YScHp SqD+KQv3i/nCuiT2ynxFu0kHLRWVLANU7Tqpt
RExpZF6xzUG TvMvFvmcR7EPaix2vMuu2aow7/wCJLyZwXgndnDWxnN94f55Nr uB31kNqxP8AFtIv
ZeOkQ3nmxwHDeLiXfezGZDC1S157P6OYU Jh6ZtqddY8F8jSeP7PT8PwyJhQCkzfpNw7D1qHhBR4r
bG03E y06S2voJmAfXeMNfWmhuJ0R0yNWzwOO+j+J4bT8bwy1M72itCs +HqpiA1mQ5TPuQ4bRxeGV
HQMtuUdp8z+n3A6PB+K0lwlLJRr UjYfxQuNoMfI74svg8SmMRSWs0cKArcdDpPK8LxLpVIPKb6Ce
hw+IzU01PyM5XaOmPon6t4tF6Q8trXj3Dh9bwLsX8PEUxtF6j +ErFdivSVo1AmNYppm0bW8ZY2aa
byhgY6zMKw5jy69I3ToNX s6m3NyxTG0Vxiir8TDcf3h+DYuphqgSrzAG0Rp1SKQw7PX8IxJ wTpmT
lXfSamKcNVYsQo3+UzMHiUep9pzLbUd5q4irSqZitME E2A7DtFf1OmvkmkIPiroUTtaCXEOH50BH
QQuXw6hIW1zp6xa rxDDhclZLVF2I6xVbsaXFbLpVao2h0J1iuLqMbhWvm6yrY1KhO R7XOsDXxOen
4YuM2qnabjeyTaWUE4xxvDPieAYShT8PEUD4d Qgb6Db00vGKmakvmuWPN6azyeDw1Sv9LPrrfc0E
sLT09Sscr DTNa0q6qzmhF2kKY/DIcO2Lp2DoraTx2N4nXxFRldvsla9p7Di VUU+H1DnsuUj3nhHr
wYg ekbw/GKNNUVyMq2sJ5xcPUp0kNdibrmJBhjhUcZwDmvywJcXY8 orybHsVxNHxT4g6Zm0lBi1Z
Q17a9IB6NOpTAy6g5hB0Ka01y EbG2vWDimx8qKo0qeLa4cufLlCD4Vlm8RkdyDYjW/U94Tg6YCr x
XCjGl0wTORXKdu200eL18NSxlfC4Cpn4eLLRLfg/DG/1tk0 3eEeZxGITD19d8+kb4IVxHEHqvuo1
/KZuLoGvdxqVAAML9GM aGxTBrqx6d9Iy9HL5Y8W5H1LhSZkygWVFN5vmtloBQdSLief4Z XAoMubm
k3qjhqLFW+G0x 6mKelTdG66RN+KVUuiNFXxNSoLk3ObMJqXQG+h9696ihrcvrF8 VXSmocaxRkeo4
BLd7yVwNarbMbiOsWKk3QlV4u61WGU73mPx LiL1MwHxC09LW4MpUuVtpvMTFcN18mm9+0EprQ3Bv
NHxw7/l J6/MyibfOWXQj995U4KxRx8uvzlgdFvB9Zw8q+s1AxpktsB3H+ JwU5LWkk3u0ooutvSFB
ecHU/vlPtDm+enFiftie/wDiNNYNS Y7FDeZoKWUje4JSajiqiv8AFSUibifBMjhgZMW+c5j4FI//
A MTWQWykxHjBGTt2OYQ/Y1G6ZpRCfEW8thD/AKVj/FKp95D0ifs oTcOCRfrIrG9Bfecdm/faCrm9
NfeYPdCOJa1LrM+qCGt11je Lb7P3ibi7SMtnVDEbCob1F9pB0a476f0lUPMpkr5xJ0PVBEQvi wg3
LEf0n0bhNLJSS1us8FwtPF4uo7az6Fg3yoD6SsfZOT0P4 isEwrP1AvJ4Nh/D528zG14DL4wCHYTU
wY8Omvr/AMSidAr12 b2E5FVbW0nnv/yRw/699GVxiL9rhGzj2m5hWIfmGtpbidAYvgG LwrbNRZf6
xou8Gmqqfo+Gmj9YwyVaGlQdpocJxSgik+lToDE cDU+r4zwX8l7E/wDlNCrw3xftaRy1Qekg0XVX
RsVKBfDrWS9 rbRAZ8NVbMtr+a/SCweNrUWNKtspv+/zmrU8LFUS2XmGlpnljJ Osg8LilWmKJPMbZ
YendagcC3XX2mFic2FxXJqVN5u4SquLor YWddx2itVkbxumj03Cager5b6bT0S0DTW99AbXnj8Di
Th6mk 3BxB7D7QZSd5KjtTbWDSxTCpSIS3iIZkV6dLE01DgB1F7xfFcV Oppc19f6Rf627VGst+a8N
PYGukNpw+mC91JHpINKmawDC609 rSBXqAlfTeRWrBK4UjKuW0DTrBOsDFBMNSpsq0tG0Y2hGw2Gc
A+IUJ8t4nQxAqCzDTLpB18QtSrkGpU6kQU0bvA1X4NRxK89Ut Tvaw955r6S8LNDB0quGpUy1Hrbz
mb9CsVL899OWB4i61cJVL eXKRKx5UQi3Gdo+f16Benh1Qg1KhNhbcCExGDrYF2p1kINIHPe VD+A3
iJYVFtb5iVqYjE4irUas91qHOwj7jR6cXTVaOpYPx6q ioxFJNI5VwqLVqJQY1An2a+8UqHxKdWoO
VVvoPeNcOxbYVmB o58/k7K/eHqgSbq0CxWGqUaSVstkc22ii5W8QP5gMyw+IaqXZK huVLCLXGbKw
HWLjRRWo5YxQcBijXHMDyLe8viKjZlQIA3UDZ TFVbwqoYantGazDxfsmz5hqZugKKToTx1VqGH8C
mPtHbwh7i aOG4GooLWw7WrKOkysbTcYnB1XGZfFJnpsBiMrOD0eOlWTg/wA nyaSNLhnERh1yVRlc
dD0m/Rx1Orh1VMzHL0E8lhmGL4kwbSx ns8BgcmEFQL59YLtUhPHCqbAVsPicSSaaHKQYJuCY128R
9Ae k9Hhyq0b21C7QgrB6QOxMXOClJGDS+jzatVJPt7xheF0aSqcpI A1j9fE5Krp8MXr42mutxoRp
NUlliWkD+rUl+D4Zf6vkpkLsO sWXi2bNyaSr44pTAzbw05bF5pZGqq3oBHS1xPP8SdKCujbxvFc Y
SjSOo5RaeS4vxgVHJBBaDhkP8io+Pg2HznKdtP3rK5TLLzN OnWThq4sgnmOn9ZYiwHylXN76fvSX
bp7iYVOivxyF8o9hJvc nT93kDRW9JjN7OpAPiqY2BbLr+ULUOtL0S1vlF1BFRe4Yw5N39 gbQsaH2
TPW4aotbiVRxov1dBp7Wmih1p37XteYvB7eJX3sEU TYT7yn2tFlTyQ02hzC/7Vh2J/pKoPttZbDW
GCf8V2lB94WPz g3QvbKH4vy/pAYg8q/KH+FvcRbEeVZrwZJuRm4k3VIs+rxnE7C LN94JBu2dUdUX
TWov5zl859JNM2qp6iVp/e+4/SBhXZqcDW/ Enb8KT3GF5go+U8ZwIXxlVhtcgT2uCG0pFfEWT+Ts
08OL5Tb SaGGsrLccvaKUBelYRukRfXa0KGSVmnhyWdbt0vH2VXw7p1ykH 11mXQNqj375Y1WxK0MF
VrE8qJmv84VsPk+jPhuNpZMdiAPhq t17NNvCuz0qdek1wBdr9ZlvS8dq1Sx5izf/ANQnCsS1DNQb
2 t8oslbsN5NhUp1EJZOa972lSj0GOQ9b2vGMLWpPfMQM39ISrhV d9QwzdIl0P1RjkLUxWZzy+sfw
9Pw/tKbb767weLwPhlXJuh3 tOwylMYMrHIdbH5QuugK7o1Vao9ytzcX3jNI4hrUypye+0Pg6K Zlt
uwmthOHlqbohsw1iXmkdcYvjYhQwTNUBqOij+YRhxg8Mr DPzX0sbzSb6PMa5wyv4lULnYAzKq8HQ
td3ZTvprvFba2ZV0w Yx1Jgutio3JkVGQquYG/wDF27y44XTqaWJ02EafCLialN2IIQZ Rl+EesFqg
pNmf4qq7sptbYXlFIXNlcC+pM16fAqVRbnNynWS 3AsMVKhmvFUl2aUcGVRYIdwbCwN9opxCoayPh
6LXLEgE7TRx HBCtMmnUZbzFq4etg6VTC1Lli+cVOsv42ngk4tTR5/ifCKnCqg R3DrbQiZ4WvU52u
oJsTabdSlWr6YmoWIOlzL06Y8NabgZQ2u ko1crO1SUYpN2zEVmWmp1sx5hvabyVsVT4fgEq4emUR
NLHUz qlKl/096ApjxmqZhUtCU6djTRmYqmirNx2TfkTr/pkYhHqV/tL Ate5vBUsFT8V/rBIBGmvr
PTJg8GtImpdmzECDxVDBNUARc2u nrDxy2LL/ACHSPP0sLfEoW16b9Zr1aWBVPCpIdrEjttG/+m0a
eS1ySbgwb4GmrfHYjmMbikrJy/yHJp2ZOMwxxFE5gMwOZLGL8 OxBNZg98x9ZtVsItTQBhpEG4U1K
tnQZX9ZjnlPknZfC1mpcR bXU3G+8+i4XiP8A8YovrluD+c+avRrZldadqittNjA8bth0pON QLREs
iqbpHtaeNCLlB3FrwDY5brlayr1mAOMggWA/KL1OIOy ZE3j7Rn5GblTiQytz3YesysTjM9Qtm/rM
ws4YMXvbt1hGw1W suWlTJPaCsUL/ACZNI4ykijnsOlzEMVxZnWyXJ7iFo8Dd1FTE1 DYdBD1cJQog
oqBV7kTWkjRuTPL4rE16tRUYMMzdZWnwyqzZn QnS9ptrSR8dSJAsmraRujZ6jW8trTcisfGmmrPg
/wAUum4lP WSulS8c4y1rW+UjoPlOLEfKRe3TaY1taJb4veR+P1/xLH+5lFO g/fSY2Cvlqp6CHA/t
/mBAvVMKrajT9/swseGz0HAdRiLfh0m 8n3lMdLTB4BrTxFu9pvLup9JN9EvJ92NYTXC+maVU8/79
JbC 6YG/Zj/QyqDm9xCSXYPZG/mimK+7H8sab7tv5opiwQo9dJnoaP 2M/EdBAMb1IauedT6wB+8In
P2zrWg1PWpY9pRPvDLLpVJ622 kKLOxirCMbn0f8ANUPrPa4QWpD0ni/o+NH957HDG4ubgdp0L6o l
/u2atOygxuixzAGIUmuNY7Se2Um5gfRRDiMfHI/gMHxyrk+ j+PsRpSP95FNznDX1Xr3ivHket9G8
YlK5dqVre8KeQy+q/wC HieH4XNhVv1EDieFMreJTujDWa/DmRsJTKEapYCbFIUah5hf3i KTpJoZr
bR5Wgc+ZSArhtI8jOBl3Ed4twmgis+HBD36RCjTxg zDw2c/lMo22b5JYRWpictTLVH2ZgDdGNRdr
aw+Js32dSi6k7 CIEV6LDwgxT8JmUGZNo9FgOIBWFQtrPQpxGireLmuwbbvPnlPG BTZgUHS4mhQx1
ypFRdDe19v3pA4M6YeZJZPpVHjtBMOrGnas w56neZ2NxmG+uHw1vRvtPN/W/sg3igquoF4wuJotl
Uvra15K cG1kEZxTtdnoxxLA1OE0MPTTJiaeZ2c/FDHD0aeFwzpUUGqdB+ GeWyUarHK9r367Aw9Ns
tVSKt7m4udBC43QsZJYT/T2ScOqmk L1lsdALwy4HD0+F4l2cPXLlaZv5B0H955FMRVUK31h7DbXa
M LjGXKniGxOY6x+MUJOTkkmzTr0abEqWHN5Z5H6RVFXClh5r6Ga uIxi+E5FXUCy6zzfE64xtVaat
ekDc6zccovz+OWZQxBYKvw9 5bx2uFVSY4iURYML+saVVpKpFMam95bkiNu8laGGarQRFS1+8c +of
6Fje1UDlEPRr5nHjsq25NP7xoYpVRVsNDfUw80Iv0z04Q 9OmhL3a3Msq/C0SqVz866NNHE4pHqrZ
x4dvNtA1cT4VN8rqy s19d4rkrDyfFC9fD+Gaaloq+Iu9ReghcRiuVNQxte94i7Am439 4jt2ZNBqT
nxTdhlEvVdDULBdZn+IBmynTpI8V2yrmIEaMWkI 5pDhdUcqANYB6eHYswWVSk9SxJNj3jNHDLqCI
yVE27yCTD3Z b8ovqI9huHeJTVn0Yw+HoIefdvWaChFt2/tM2ZAaeCoIQoSOIi rTB0U9ZQtkUON5D
1kpr6L0Jkm2WjFYsrXIFMa2vMbHY5AWCa mRxDibVang0Ddr2zdIvQopozeY+WBRbLJITpVmXEZ6g
y2mlh K2Hq1FW+W/eW8CiCLi43sYo2GU1CaejXtKU+wwVNs+Knyn2/Sc BdxOby/L9Jw3107yxwHE7
t6f5kk2vIA6SbXKfOYBNtveUXy6 /P8pLG63/AHtJPWY3dlR97CKdRftKD79panu3vMxk6yz0X0d/
29Yj8U3UJzLfoJg/R7/bV7TfTRl9ojJTXydjWHFsCF7lpWmbs fRZOH/2aiVTUt6iF5on7BsPsCOu
b9Iti/InvGXINM32zfpE8 WcwLQPQU/kZ1fzrAH7ww9XziAOlQ+36SDOtSCfGT6TlNmYyF87 SjHnJ
ihs9J9Hhekx/inr8Ptr13nkfo5pQ0/FpPX0fL8peOYo m/ux2kfL6xtNaYESpakCNI4t6QNjr2Mof
fX0jFwVynVWAzRS ncKrRhD9pY7XgbyM3ao8fxPAvwLiS1h/s6xt/K0ewbXrlj5QdZ tcWwK8R4TWw
7ecrcH3njOHY92pKr6VVazr/AFjS9oHik7ye2 wlKnXqorpcxzFUQGL0aIa56CZvCcSBtva02+KY3
6lw8ZVzVq i3AEi8HVJYVHjeIV8mMR61PJ35ZWniqDrd6Kn2ENUwL4nEeJWO ZzzRpcJToUSoGZiNJ
RU0L/C+xX6ngMSGbINOw/faKN9HsI2q Ow7fu8YrYRhUzUmyQa4x6dTLVS3WBN3hiS8dYEKvAai3N
HEM F7EwC4PHYepmYF1E2nrqSAGFh1gmrDLGTtZItNGctdqSnOrCMr jkCDU6SajgrrbMIpUcfhj8U
xObTNKnxKkKZDVb2/rIq47l0r WNtDMRwpsLQdg27zKCC5jFbHvUq5VqfZjrOpVwmXLr+K8U8BWu c
2sIMK2ln2hUEB+R6HEr2JfcCGOKdwiHZRpEUospI76QnMGz Hy3iOKHUm3Y4a5OZjcgG8uuNc5b6j
2iPjsECMPnLeKAhI2EX Wilexmpi6rMFyXv0EBUqVmOYXOnKJKVg2p0Alg4LEsLQ3kzi1R Wk1R7gI
TrYRg0iwzDaVo1CLAKOYXnO4526EXjIk3TJSit9To ZIogMANyIB8SFG+sGuIctaxyx+HZH+Ssmgj
ZiLMAI7T8MEkn SY6MxC3Mapva920mcezcreDZpuEBbpmhFq9SdJjribCXGKzat1 1iNlUsGm1Q5Ce
3S0yeK4h0orTQ89RrCHWuL6nmmZxqrlqYas o5VbpEoqnlBMLRCKutydWaNKllDPoBtEKOKGUOW2k
VcdWqrZ ELW2hineC38sUsjtSoDffQCKYZ2pl2qm5vpaI1a2Ou4GHNukVG NrqwDo1vaU4sm/PawfM
L5gR2/xODXtpvOX4pUbD5RzmL30J/ e06/l9JwNtf3sJ2wgB0QTZbdhJJ3lW6+0sdz7/rME5fv2k0
z dn95C/ftOpa1G95mbR6P6PaYWt+U30+8X2mB9HtMLWP8U3k863 7axHQnk+7G8M3+gU9esil5h/C
LycMv+iU+0ohIzEb5YayRfY JxagR6xHGsL5RGa7FaR95mYypdhbaLLWCkY5sBUa7LpAk5m7f+ pdj
bKJT4tf3pIZOpcQitd2nCmSme9htKJ97lG9tJoVKYQIg8 uphSZtM1eA8iBfWetoPdALdO88jwvka
38U9Nh2P9JZVVEZO5 mnTawBhka2lv6xWmwK6RpfMQd4GiqYda2w6CGSqRbXUxNMphdV 94mgtj4qX
st+Xb5Tw/wBJMJ/03jCYykLUq/mt8JnrBUKst9m iXGMGOJ8Lq4ZtKmTMh7N+zHjlUxG6ly/9FOE4
gZEYHc956cY qliVSrU1cCy+k+fcBxRp1mwtfkdD16Xnp2xdFKKqtTXLfaI1Z1 xktM0nZGYFd73+X
aRUyuQbWImDW4ymuVgfaLVuN4grnSmzc3 SFJ0F+ZI9F9W8x3AGo7xTG4WmQ1169T6zHTi1ZgSWcE
9IV8d iq6ZEQn+J+szg0rQkvKpZA0qJqK1m8psbyrBsp1jOHU0qWV9Sx u1oOsMyMdmIjLo528sSqF
rtfeL1BfY2vGKwOZiNolUrZV1Fi Okp0IleTmsH12g2q2ud4J6mcWgar3LW2jIRKnQ4lb8x1jK1PN
YgazGFbLWJOk0KJzqB3gdmSyPrUzAX39ZwYZbMdINaefS9pzg htZOXTLR3QchDcN5jAOCS4ta/rL
ouYZ2vfrKsSKr5tusXRWL ttLZK09Mk4WyakkmFAJe479pQi1zl1EO2aTaVF1bK2+uXvFqtV nGVds
toZkLNf1tFMVUFGkVXdtjaUVI523khGBY9oxTqAD9Jl ioVGWFSvd8t+aU6ojVM1FqG1jpLeOSLWi
VNySc14zpmUdbyf RRJWFJNrgwtjmXXSVprcLCWsBf5/0g3gdYZVajKVvuJcuHChhd N7GcUBbWWA3
sRpE7HeUWpUKR0yaR+gqJktT27RWiB1jdE8ym an0DCHFCZQjL84P6vh20agJIF7L1Mvn6wipI/OZ
5Qre0jpr8 5N73HT/ANTveVF0jh5Wv63lvi/8v1lQeUjqZJbr6/8AMwSvw/K WbzSpGhHXaSdTeYzO
Tdh7yyffNKpq59ZZD9o5tMzVbPR/R/8 A2tUes3EPMtu0w/o/f6pV95up519pNieRvmxygf8AQ5YI
HRz 6QmH/ANj6wDm2a2mg+UPoktsz8VUtTb3mdVN638Uaxb3p9d+8U f7z1kZNZOiCdEPut/wwZ1Zh
CPqy/wAsC25A3Ogiof8AB3h6+ K5cjePVRdk9IHBpkpLbS/TtGmF6kulUaEf2sZwYtUtN2g3KpG0 x
MP5vWa2Fe2QdP+YUkhXuzTp1LWWOUqgsReZtNr2HX3jKPZd 95ug3RoU3vobby+e97/OKJU19e8Kl
QNf13F4g92MgggAzibj Q6wWa/raWLgHTaZGE8XwrDYuuK1slQ9oBeFURZs7swE0mYAG21 7SVB5tT
f0mTyM18cCX1WjTyjwlsPWVcKiFMvlh635QeUNvfm m7sWumLMVz2sLy3iWJktTF7/F3gWPXvMkHF
BGcHTNvF6zhrk SKqWsQdheLVny3F7Q0JYOq56xHEOMo7neHrVNTrpfeZ5bPUa50 EdaBZUCwlhSYr
qkNTp3yWh1C2O8PK2I9mZicOTTJ7S2Br51C l+YG0exBRV5mA12mLh2CY91WwUnMIXnI0X8a9HpaF
QFbZt1l zraZ+Hq+Xa/b8o4lYE+nvJtFIyrRcsFy3nKymoq9JSoM9MEdP8 QObLVDX2isun6NBRdVd
jzGVJuuu3eDR9AT+UipUsCvb1hinY kmkXerlVmO15i16tStiDUAzBYxxDEijQLM2VV31iNHFJU0R
h 7AylHMmWJe4DJyy6OVYN1EIClQAG4/9wdWysx0sJrxkN2MpV5l AvHKNSxB6zJpEllI7RxG0Exms
mtTq5rfihE0bUxGmxBB2Mbp uSdbWiNMYKLsNDrCIL0u0iiwFtveWz8oVRbSYN9BRlBUBfLD0j Yhs
0WGVFG9zKmo6tfYL0j10Lyo0krC/qTeWNUZV7TNFTKMxN +ntCCrdQNv/AHFY0dHwfqf32kmVXe0j
ctKGLyD5T7/pIG8t0 g0BujjufcyDsZB2PtLHyn3/AFmEk7wQujy1I8ze8pT+OES2d4X qh1s9H9H/
APaVfebqeZfaYH0e/wBpWv8Aim6n3i+0kxJ/djt D/Yj8UVqGysT+GMU/9l7rE8QR4dQ/ww9WTS+V
GTiD8Iva8E/ 3g9pFfr/NOqeZZzSOmLo5r5lt+GCpDPjaa9m1l6g0/wDGUwhvi EqdzGig/ps4QHUn
rGMtmWUwyjKO8Y083cy9E+6L4fdZoUWtt 0iFAXv73jqa2hA3mjQpseT1hwy6HpM+m1lB6CMo+txN
VA7H6 bi6A7mFpuA1x7zOU5qirDKbqfWBrY10x3xbPYb9IUNcDUZYktS 1nb4oZWtTNtbRKGsPc8oA
vc6flC+KA69jFKdW2ls1pIr6tmt rNRm2Ec3Uqe2sA75FNtwNJWrVsVc7xZq3OWho15CVKt2bfrBs
/LoRrtBtU0Ft4q9UZCI3EXkGqPZWv0WZtSqSzZuktXrkIxy67 xOqzFWX5QoH4VrVQ+ZRtBhlzEdT
K1CF06HaI18aKe2sOKMrb wagxCohfa0SxPGBTVgmpmVUxT1yq57C0HVIN/4zJuaWh+Psrie IYvxP
EraIGsBHsLmxNJKyeddDMPijf6emDsal5u/R0B+H5j1 3loZRKTo0sJUzKGG6x+mLkEbTMpr4VQuP
MZpUqoFj3iMqtjA NlyXtm2grWqMTs0k1LBT2Egkl7don4VixhVOVT6wdQlULtuZNS sKdNReJVqmc
e8eOSc5XkwPpNimNBaQuFqHWeewuJr0qwNJiQ dp6fiNEO9EOLDNEKdNEc2TYbTSnUqJxWB/B8S8Q
AtyHpeOZ8 4YG+WY1RQS4FuU6Q2HxLI+R9yZuVoyRtpYbbdIzR1Iv0mdTxF7 XjmHN0ufaFoHLA/SN
1UN5o4h0Repmajm7HoY0jAgkw12K2OI dAOkMGCusVD3de0IlQCmH3tFofkOFwACVJvINszX67xda
gBH pLCtdVXsJuxS9so5ukqrZrW/HaS5uVQbiUAycom2PeMHxLy3nE ak9zObc+049feOa8I4HQtLS
ALK0nrAwbTshtAfa0new7yH8s g6WMIqSqyaa3NvxS9PV29Rmlaemb02nLox/lgY95PSfR7/aVv5 p
uJ5l9phcA0wla34tJuIOYdrRHoST+bHaQvgVG2lpn1zdXG3 LHqBtgwTt/wCpnYh7I5/hg6FjlsyK
mp+crUNj/NLOf7/4kVd 9dxvIdo6eyKpvdfSTgV+2bte4/KUrG17DXLpGMAt3UR1sy1RsU FKle5h2
sSR8Ohg156fL5uksWuAegl+iFuw1Hym+/ljqDWJ0b bn8UdpaBPWboD2WsQh9ZZGYNfaXFmC9pxFi
Iesqnm0tAAv4xDXi9aqcnO37tCkI2MVK2Zx dtII1VA1gKjBQ1ybj/mD8QHMbiGgL2MvVt8oqzjMB
veCqVWK 5e8pqVH4pqsW6ZQ3NRFJNoGo9kFzq0NWOUMw6aRakn1itnP3Si HZr7FG8Ss2c8qWvYzOx
QyOF6qbXnosSgVVAFtNRMDHaVG75p PyNpUh/E7YoLDKLTqhsw67Thukh9cvykLL8cmZxduWil9hf
e bX0ZxAFKrTJJW2kweLG+IpqNsse+jtYjGNSUg3XSdvjXxRyzab aPWqvXrC0lIBPQjT0nUVzZb7W
h2DKipbVpqyOrYMk5gL76Xt tDFmR39D3lVpuqXJB+IQrjObdRJlV9RJizdZYLmU9L7en7tCvT sdJ
LU7UwPlHWCbdoxOKC+IRdcqiIpo5OvtNnFUPErMTfyzLe n4dZvSQ8lqRoNcaAEFXOsnEeZX6g3vI
YWdpNUaheuslfZVpN oPTr3DAnUes18NUzUfeebJKVg66q3SbPDqwqU1tcidSfLJJqka 6sUIzbb29
IZKyldb7XioIZV1+HrJLBFRr6DeN2TrBoU3INoR W8NdTodh2mdQxDchbzaQoql1BeY3dDq1LfL1h
Kbhrabf1ia3 K5rQlJmBt0WCjJmipB5/i6n5ym3W9v+IE1LKvYnmlw11tMGOj4 w2/5SOnz/ScTeds
L/OE2UjhvOTpJtZpCi1vymGxxJby/vtOb YSDqklmtb3mFeGWpnRzJUWb9+krT0zDf9Ze93zQdj22
zf8Ao 9phav8ANNxTZ19phcAP+mq/zTdA5l9REexJ1yaYyhtgAZk1zyt zTTU/6ETKxDauLbwT6Fht
iDH7NR6zn3H8sgi6g9mkubMv5SP R0WrBOBnX8MbwWjKR5rfpEn8+XoI5g3tla23W/pKQTs2TZR9e
zWkBgHYdIEuM2Y66WlA9iDvpeVkTSNJNSqZtO80KR09xMug5Z VOz3tNGkdbW6WhWhVhjimz6yXOo
v+9YMPfXWSWzLl6wdGLIL oo6Qt7L8oFW0tfaXckbfkJghTscs5qiqoydRBIbqR+sg1CisQN B5ZhW
/R1SucxAPzi5VqtTPeyyrOQpG9xvB/WmsQNowGwlWwG T84tUe9Nsuxk1Kly3NfWxMEdG35e0KMiV
1C9obMqMG3F9YJn Wkqm/KIsPErvzaLe1h1i1gzCufrFRUTbQgw9JFp01Rdp2HRQVA 0Nt5ZdHE15F
egWLOs89j2+1a3Xab2McF553Ht9oLadIk+yni 6EwP7S763aVGpkubse28hWS1mHxNr40gdBaan0Z
QtxGo1uVU ImLjTmxlQj8U9D9FVHgYlviJtO6OkcrzJnrsKOUeiw6q1Wo1Qj eL0TZR6jvH0vlttrr
6RWWj9vw7wwrBQ/znNqT3Ms1SmLXGoP QSt+ZT1tcyeS0ijroOTUSh+7FoaotgxvfXTWDBsgjJ5Jy
jiw C01d2B6rEcRhszPNGmLOB/DJyZlYnXrNONkOSjJs8pUpsj6/ig 25XG82cXhSWJAvbW1t5mYim
adUA9t5zyjxZaM+SFqmkNhK31 aqo+EwLC7W+X9p1iadr66azKVSHeY0eiwuIV0UgjawjCKKi3to T
mnm8JX8GoqE2Tf2m9hsV5PwW/OdKeMnO1TGGvTIQavCJoo5 vaAWqWpo+vif2hVJ8hsSJjDAPlbbl
k03vWEqrqRr+HprLA81 wNR6zGHqTI1hfQyQbiLoQtPTrC5tGY7TIb+j451nHQGSJHwfKY zdsltzO
HT3nHr853Ue8wt4oj4B85zfrJBso9JB2EwXKyBcEZ dx/6EIDy3gDsvvDL5flNJGiqkeh4APsK380
3F1Ke36zB4D/A LavNxD9oB6SctBkm5uhkf7IGZFf7x/Wa4/2Jt3mNiTZnt1tFk6 o0OxInlPv+k6p
o49J3wj0bWRV0Ejmy+KBXtWA+f7/ACjGFbw XCP5SO0TDj6zrtG0s9O3teWRtGnmDU79J1Jc6qw2B
tE/Eclc 3e8ZwhDsF6RuxaxZoUlJqBhurTRpGz6TNonKwmjTPIMu2WPQnY yjHTUXtJJysx10gi3ML
dJCtc27Tf0D2ww0bT5f1hlqDlOlrx ZRbUwg1y83mmAy5a9uloCrWOVQNxvLu2h7QJKB894UKVcE3
U b2gj0fNYCVr4jKnLa0Sao+IZh8JEyfo1B3xCtUC01BOaTYhLnX SQiLTDNfmB0MrSBxFUJ/2xClR
m6ORTia5W/2KjUx0rlrItrd TIpoF5V7yTbx4t4EllnUreJc7Ccp5rdbSKNyzHrI1z7wGeWLYw DMd
7Tz2O++Ydc36T0OLH2hE8/jV+0YH5xJ5yVhihMG73/KSb kj5SAbt6kwdVsqsw7afnJrMirdJmDUN
6pIvrqJ6b6Km+GrDs 08sdDNv6OV1p8SNFmstTS87tHKtnuqWuS23SN0nNnvuTEaZ0Az WJjS2ym/X
/MR+y8XpB1OmbQH1kb337CDDDLctzSy73bpvEeC 22WbytdTI3QGS4OUg9pWpZQddj+sGkGVUCp/e
Uyeqi8LRa1F r72EAhuc35xinpTYdIzOOapg6lEP1mTj8LeowtrNhPvFHeDxK+ I/rEatUKnTs8hVT
JWZJF/LHsdh7vyxG2qyLR1J2WYAhQPMIz gsTlOVjyjQRZzYgj5ShORFddSsPjm0ZxTWT0lJ+Yuws
e1oZm OXMvmMzcDihWppff/iaCsGUtcC06drBDWwtDldRfLlHWHBGrID EWudM2u0KtZgLW5d4ph+k
11EKr3plInS0b9+sKjXa4hbCldn ykG5kDy2t0kgWe0gHQTBkq0dvf1vJM604am3eCwEbr/NOPT3n
DyrIcaXjdgK75B3MKhvTJ7QRQk5eo0haetJ5pDRzI3+Am9CsL ak2m2rcwt+G8w+AkijWtvmm6g50
t+HtIvKGl9mM7YPT3ExcV dWY9gJsKf8AQhf4ZlYoXDwT6BDDM+9kN+plauhI7f8AElhp8/0 la2r+
5k0rKdizi1Y97Rmk6glds0UrKwqqx6/5EIn3qv6dJVY Bf6aIqZqRJ8x9YxhXQFcnU9B7TJNUhSp8
008IGUX00btC6Gb SRppoyWN7H85oU2yIB0tb/mZ1Mqnh2jyAFBeNom9ZDMxDMB129 IVCBzd+kXvm
cev/ADCg+Yt0md6AtZCB+8nOVI2OsER21g6tQ i+/SMLvDLvVJW2o+cCzDMR0gKta7Mg7Sr1Qha8O
aDFWUr1EW mFlEdkpL0MC162I35VlMdiadGmqA695vbZmgz4hHqeFnso3v0j lHF4aiuXxBrPK1Kju
7uTbN5vykAkWDkycm7szjZ6kcVw/iee +ukGeLYbxbi5E83kIBtq0kaaRbfQOCPQ0+MUFZjc6+sj/
AKz RDDlnn8tlGnlncwbYQcmHjE3KnGKbkHK12N9pmYiulVibfP8Ar FMxOWzN+UsCLXJA/Zmd9hSS
0UtZs3aL4lvs2XY2teMX0IG/S K4jLdifLrNxpjPNmU1B77ay+HD0sRTqLfRxa3WGZzfyG8ZwFLx 8
TYeVReX5usiOCbPTcM4ouLporMFrfhM2VqKVBvcTzA4ajVF rIShPURnx8bh2UFc9ztbrDaeAxjxk
ehLqtz19v32nJUux/CN /WYtPiOcKzq6gdx+/WGo8SpHMPEW8VqysW0bLVcq+a5HWLNWvm 9fWKtik
VSGf96xXEcSRQcnmmtaZm712a1EE3bt6w9M/YH+8w KfGMtI0yupEZpcbohWRliqS7OeUW2zWQjOL
7iV1L5onQ4rhS QfEy+8ZTFUXLZag0gvROm9GfjUUljuBroPaY2IpFKignbeejqL muNh7e0z8dhMx
c23MWWS3idOjGqG2X0nNpTX+8tiVK1mH73l Ht4S22ktMrbcSlGs1BlI0BF/5ZvUKoenTAb+sw8me
iBuxhsF VyVAhJl4SWmSZuFlvva/WWp1rMyv09feKNUFWmTa06nUzVFzan r6xzVg1kqi/rC02Ktfp
3iCMtlh6VUkAHaHsH9HzY3u2mlpwG rAAGezP0Puijqd5n4n6JYqmM1LU+g9IE7RpNWebYC2h0lvh
j 2J4TisKmZ6TBb28sRtlWx32sIWHqjuhv85Vtn+f6SSbAg6m+o7 yG2bsZuwUcBq/9ISn+sEPM8JS
N/7wPQ0ao3Po+eWrNtN0/lm FwE2WpNxDYKfS0jJZDP7DiC+CBHymbiKfLU9hNSkwGE62iVcgK y9w
B/WF6QilUnRiVBf2zStTzS1U9B0N5Wr5v6SK2VlkUqi+Q HvrKg8itsf/AHCVFL1AAL39ZFZcqr77
mIlMUL0OrU5dYQ1CdBpraItVIS51ue8q2JyrYd7 XvNeAjr17IW69ojVru9VkVr+0VfENVc2YhSLw
1ErTLMd97wr 2wd2FAAu2bUylZ1U3Z+uspWxITUaEC9jMqpiXrNYaD/iaxVbyO vXFCgx+NtxM+pUN
armP7/d5chmBLasZUoS2mgv3iOWaCVGw0 lh5TIym3rLZSFtEpmIB5fnLKPbedaynfQ9vWcLgE2hr
4Ui1jpKAK9RuyymGxHj4NK7nMbc1tY6tJBoBvpNpFU8FWUMrU 0sb/wB4JsJTUvlXQ6f1hjemHZAb
n/EVxeI8GkaasS/e+0W6Q JOhHE1c+Ia18o6wRNmvK2tpJ7xGB90WB5r+k74pQXA13lxeLTR vZVjY
G3bSWLMq8pkW7SCMwNpqZvQanj69PLle940OLVXbnUP eZpULa3SSFN9T+U1YNjkM1q64jmtzPA1F
GVMp0lVLWB6zgDt FadugxaSCL92sXe6VC67wym4XTb/EofW9rbQRlTyFoew+IBokG czZajZX3mbU
zo7FToOl4SnXYsFuC06LUkTrbNNMScinNzRql iMzXGkzKVZco7kyUr5HG4BhrJqxZ9PalTRQXBF5
C4QfEDaEx nkX99ow33Z9x+kldElkzMRw6jiEytSLLvtPF8d+iYds+EpVy5H lpUrz6On3Q9otS/3K
fzfoY0JNiyfF4PhlajUoV2o1U8OorQR 8pmnx/wD+5rfzj+0y28rSiyyifxOXzvLJ5f36yq+d5K/d
n99 5noaOzc4F8f4tZtr8MxOCfev7mba/BJSC9jlM/wCkEzcTU1Pym hS/2gmXifMflFlpGgvkzPbX
N7wdRtveE6N/NBVdh7ydYKdlq VBixcKTaDxaEcx2mlhvu2/m/WI437ke0dO2CbwiMCjWuJsUyVZ T
l0EzeHeX5/rNNfNK1bM/qW8QhCAdttZIfmgeg/fSFTziN2b oKxUrp6RWoMw0va8OPJ+UCfuj7QJ2
wVSCUqSKLHTpKVqipTL MQFy6y53b3ieN/wBq38hjrKJvDFatRsRWJJuo0Nh6RtKNgtkF7 9olhN63
8w/tNan8Em1YW8ICKF7XBvJ+qjy5TGh94P5YRvOff /EC+xuzPbDMP+2f3aT9Xc35JoPv+/ScfK0P
YOTZnHCvdhkqf lLHDMVbkmr8Te/6QPwt/LDHLMmZ7Yd+bkf8pBw77ZOs1X3PtBn 9/lBo3RlthXCk
ZKn5SPq7hjybTXqec/vpAN/3P33hkCLwZzY WrlUZKl7W2nHCPfRKn/8AmbL+ce84eT5TG5NowMRw
9npMvhV L69Jj4jAV8M7eJRqLbe67T2r7v7GZ/wBIN6/sf7GGxUzI4Ni3w 1U0aq2onfNPRLWH/wCw
ZZ5hvvanz/tNmn938zD0Vbp4HsRik p0zaorVR8ImOxZqhfe+4l63+8acm7ex/vFltBvAMLoDJC7e
s 4fdj3/WSNk/fWJJ2CyttPl2l9DI+L5SBsYZLFhSs5xlEjLlNh8 pep5ZB+8X2EydrILwUO2T9JF7
lj7y3x/+MGNj84t2jLRcDlb 0lss74X9pfqIAkKvLp8tPScyEnX97S6bL++kk+Ye3+IJL42G3y FHp
kuDlPNAMCrK676TRben++sQ6U/ZZlh0NPQTC1AwVWcXvr GHDFNV5h6TMwvnH8v8AibVTzn3/AMzo

Hmmmm, other motivations.... (2, Insightful)

RedStapler (676382) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453121)

Not to be entirely cynical but what are the odds that Microsoft had a little bit to do with the review by the USPTO. It would seem the best way to avoid paying the billion dollar+ damages claim would be to get the USPTO to invalidate the claim. In this case, I am not sure though that MS would be entirely in the bad as the plug-in patent seems a bit too broad in the first place.

Re:Hmmmm, other motivations.... (5, Insightful)

goldspider (445116) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453170)

"Not to be entirely cynical but what are the odds that Microsoft had a little bit to do with the review by the USPTO."

And what if they did? It's a patent that, in all likelihood, never should have been awarded, so it really doesn't matter much to me who got the USPTO to examine it as long as it and bad patents like it are thrown out.

Seriously people, you have to stop cutting off your nose to spite your face. This is a good thing!

OT Sig reply: Re:Hmmmm, other motivations.... (0, Offtopic)

robslimo (587196) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453409)

You might want to adjust the link in your sig. I think this is the URL you're refering to.

Use if you can't squeeze it in the sig.

Re:Hmmmm, other motivations.... (1)

Dunark (621237) | more than 10 years ago | (#7454442)

The problem is that if Microsoft's power and money was the key element in getting the USPTO to move, the same trick obviously won't work when one of MS's own bogus patents becomes a problem.

Sure, it's good to get rid of a bad patent, but what we really need is a way to get the ball rolling that does not depend on Microsoft's support.

Re:Hmmmm, other motivations.... (1)

KDan (90353) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453192)

Get your head out of your ass. Corporations do what is good for them. I don't like Microsoft one bit, but tagging everything they do as "evil" or "in the bad" and being surprised because they do one thing which benefits everyone else smacks of religious fanaticism, usually accompanied with hefty doses of stupidity.


Re:Hmmmm, other motivations.... (2, Insightful)

RedStapler (676382) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453329)

Hmm, wondered why it was so dark, oh wait, maybe my head wasn't up my ass.

Sheesh people, the comment was merely meant to postulate on why the USPTO suddenly decided to review several of the patents. It doesn't make a bit of difference whether it was Microsoft, IBM, Sun, Oracle, *insert big tech company here* but more so what actually triggered it. It just seems especially odd that suddenly the review is triggered when there have been several significant efforts to get some of the more questionable patents looked in the first place for quite some time.

I think it is a sad commentary when the only way to get changes done is through back door channels rather than overt/open channels (i.e. review process, etc.). The "in the bad" comment which seems get everyone's feathers all in a tizzy is really addressing this fact, can Joe Citizen go out and drive these changes or is it limited to those with sufficient $ to participate in the process.

Re:Hmmmm, other motivations.... (4, Informative)

kansas1051 (720008) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453289)

You dont have to be a billionare to force the USPTO to reexamine a patent. Its called inter partes re-examination, ANYONE can file for it, and all you need to do is submit prior art (or even just an argument) that says the patent was granted in error. Its not cheap though, it can cost a few thousand dollars depending on the scope of the reexamination, but it is an affordable option for a company faced with litigation by an over-broad patent.

Re:Hmmmm, other motivations.... (1)

kcbrown (7426) | more than 10 years ago | (#7454957)

You dont have to be a billionare to force the USPTO to reexamine a patent. Its called inter partes re-examination, ANYONE can file for it, and all you need to do is submit prior art (or even just an argument) that says the patent was granted in error.

You might not need to be a billionaire to file for a patent reexamination. But given the number of ludicrous patents out there that haven't been reexamined, I can only conclude that you have to be a billionaire to get a patent reexamination, especially one in your favor.

I mean, come on. It's completely obvious that the only reason the USPTO is willing to reexamine the patents in question is because of Microsoft's influence over the government (they were able to get the government to kill its own antitrust case -- that takes a LOT of influence).

Re:Hmmmm, other motivations.... (1, Informative)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453307)

" Not to be entirely cynical but what are the odds that Microsoft had a little bit to do with the review by the USPTO. It would seem the best way to avoid paying the billion dollar+ damages claim would be to get the USPTO to invalidate the claim. In this case, I am not sure though that MS would be entirely in the bad as the plug-in patent seems a bit too broad in the first place."

Actually it was the World Wide Web Consortium W3C and Internet community but hey it's not like you have to read the article.

Re:Hmmmm, other motivations.... (0)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7461005)

Yeah, it's not like you need to like at the W3C member list [] either.

Re:Hmmmm, other motivations.... (1)

J. J. Ramsey (658) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453420)

"Not to be entirely cynical but what are the odds that Microsoft had a little bit to do with the review by the USPTO."

IIRC, the W3 consortium had requested a reexamination of the Eolas patent.

Re:Hmmmm, other motivations.... (-1)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453504)

Slashdotter logic: never praise Tim Berners-Lee for something if you can bash Microsoft for it.

Re:Hmmmm, other motivations.... (0)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7460985)

Isn't Microsoft a member of W3C as listed here []

Re:Hmmmm, other motivations.... (0)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7455335)

Actually is claiming at least some responsibility. a000237 []

why do people do dumb things? (-1, Offtopic)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453135)

login: username: pokechoke
password: pistol

click on sign in button

click on thumbnail view button to view photos together

click on image view button to view individual photo

upload picts to LoSuR photo album as you wish....


Re:why do people do dumb things? (-1, Offtopic)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453161)

It's just some gay porn. Nothing interesting to see.

How long... (-1, Offtopic)

clifgriffin (676199) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453137)

Till it runs linux? []

I assume... (1, Redundant)

jeffkjo1 (663413) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453146)

I assume he has also ordered 're-evaluations' of the jobs of the 2 clerks that granted these patents as well.

Probably Not (1)

JohnDenver (246743) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453622)

From what I understand, it isn't the patent clerks' job to scan the Internet and look for prior art, rather thier search for prior art is limited to thier own patent database.

I wouldn't be surprised if these 2 clerks were forced by USPTO policy to grant these patents, regardless of thier opinions. I suspect this policy has been influenced by the Commerce Dept. and many federal judges over many years of litigation..

Hell, they may ever reassign the same 2 clerks to re-evaluate the patents with a little pressure from the top to invalidate them in light of new evidence.

Re:Probably Not (1)

mOdQuArK! (87332) | more than 10 years ago | (#7455293)

it isn't the patent clerks' job to scan the Internet and look for prior art

IANAPL, but the way I understand the situation, they ARE supposed to look at more than just the patent database - if they were able to do their jobs correctly, they should scan all of the literature which is "typically available to a practictioner of the art" for the field of invention that they are reviewing. All of that stuff represents "prior art", and by not including it in their acceptance decision, they are requiring that somebody in society pay unnecessarily to have their decision overturned. (Since it's the Patent Office which is getting a lot of that money, one might conclude that they have a conflict of interest.)

I have a feeling that, given their workload & the policies implemented by their higher-ups, the examiners have been effectively restricted to looking for prior art in the patent database - even though they shouldn't be.

Putting a leash on the patent monster (4, Insightful)

dcavanaugh (248349) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453182)

The Patent Office is a government agency. Like all government agencies, it lwill do whatever it takes to sustain itself and grow. Their growth strategy has been to collect fees and issue patents, often without much regard for prior art and common sense.

Trying to stop the growth of USPTO is like trying to stop the sun from rising. Perhaps there is a way for them to collect additional (even higher) fees for re-examining questionable patents. Considering all the garbage that is out there, they is quite a bit of work to be done and a captive market to pay for it. I think the Patent Office needs something to do. Pulling the plug on misguided patents would be a worthwhile effort. All we need for patent reform is a way to align the inevitable collection of fees with the policy goal of protecting only those truly innovative ideas that cost big money for R&D.

Re:Putting a leash on the patent monster (1)

ThisIsFred (705426) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453446)

Wouldn't shorter durations for technology patents increase revenue from fees? Or do they collect many times during the term of the patent? I would think that shorter durations / more fees would make their flow of revenue a little more even.

Re:Putting a leash on the patent monster (3, Informative)

jkabbe (631234) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453617)

Wouldn't shorter durations for technology patents increase revenue from fees? Or do they collect many times during the term of the patent? I would think that shorter durations / more fees would make their flow of revenue a little more even.

As I am studying for the patent bar right now I can answer that....

Maintenance fees (for utility patents) are due at 3.5, 7.5, and 11.5 years.

I hope I got that right!

Re:Putting a leash on the patent monster (3, Informative)

nudicle (652327) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453727)

I think the Patent Office needs something to do. Pulling the plug on misguided patents would be a worthwhile effort.

The patent office needs to *do something* but it certainly doesn't need something to do.

I'm a law student who spent the summer at a patent law firm working on software patent prosecution. You would not believe how understaffed the USPTO is for the volume of CS related patents. One of the ways this is most obvious is that a lot of objections the examiners sent back to us were completely, obviously, on their very face ridiculous. It was apparent that the patent examiner had read the material (either our claims or part of the defense of our application throughout the process), done a keyword search and found other patents using the same vocabulary but didn't do even a tiny little bit of investigation to find out if the work was even in the same area as our patent. Thus, we could overcome USPTO objections trivially most of the time because they were stupid objections.

Perhaps part of it was lack of experience on the part of the examiners, but I doubt it. They have way too many applications on their hands to do more than a cursory job with each one right now and the incentive structure just exacerbates the problem.

I also went to visit the USPTO over the summer and during our tour the guide (an examiner herself) mentioned that there were plans to hire some enormous quantity of new examiners in the next year. Although that won't fix the broken incentive structure, hopefully it'll help in some small way.

All of this is to say it's not as if the USPTO w/ its current staffing is sitting around twiddling its thumbs. Something needs to be done but they're not idly waiting for something to do.

Re:Here is the leash for the patent monster (1)

Iparadox (660769) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453734)

The PTO is a beaurocracy. In every beaurocracy, the boss is the group that signs the paychecks, i.e. the U.S. Congress, for the PTO. The first rule in every beaurocracy is "Never Embarasss The Boss". Different organizational cultures have different meanings for "Embarass The Boss", but for U.S. Federal Agencies, that means being invisible outside the organization, and never doing anything that generates complaints about performance, well made or not. Right now, big corporations rule. They complain to Congress about the cost and difficulty of the Patent process (imagine that!), and the cost and difficulty goes down (because more junk gets through). To raise the price for the individual, raise the number of complaints about incompetently approved patents. It has to be after-the-fact, because Patent proceedings are confidential prior to issue. So create a web site that posts individual patents, the name of the patent examiner that approved the patent (very important), and the prior art and comments from experienced developers commenting that the content of the patent is obvious to ones skilled in the art. This is now a source of reliable information to be used by voters when they notify their congressman that X in the PTO does a damn poor job when it comes to prior art and obviousness. First, the PTO will find ways to do better checks on prior art, Second, the PTO will discover that many more submissions are obvious (and right now, many are), Third, Congress will give more money to the PTO for investigators to turn up prior art and reject unqualified patents, so that Congress will not be embarassed in front of their boss, the voters. There was supposed to be a .sig here

What if it wasn't MS (4, Insightful)

oolon (43347) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453183)

I make you wonder what would have happened if it had not been MS. If MS had the patent and Eolas was being sued, the bet the patent office would have let the court decide if the patent should stand or not, which is the normal way they behave.


Re:What if it wasn't MS (1)

twoslice (457793) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453306)

I wonder what would happen if it was discovered that a patent clerk suddenly had one meeelion dolllars in their bank account that was deposited by an unknown person whose initials were B.G.

I think you're right, with one exception... (2, Insightful)

JohnDenver (246743) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453906)

I think this case had two things going for it, neither to be underestimated:

1. Microsoft's power to litigate and make news.
2. The impact this patent would have on just about every web user.

Factor #2 has been demonstrated to have some leverage in the realm of very obvious patents (BT's hyperlink patent).

While Eolas' patent may seem obvious to your average software engineer, it isn't to your average Joe. Had it not been Microsoft, I think the impact of the installed base would have been a significant factor.

Had it been MS vs. the World, I think it would sink thier reputation to where even loyal Microsoft users would want to stop buying thier products.

Just Say No to Stupid Story Submissions! (-1, Offtopic)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453206)

Are you tired of story submissions that end with retarded non-sequiters in the form of rhetorical questions? Are you sick of people too stupid to tie their own shoes trying to make brilliant observations?

Call your Slashdot representative today and Just Say No to Stupid Story Submissions!

Precedent (4, Insightful)

SparklesMalone (623241) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453215)

I doubt everything will be reviewed, but if there is a single review of a software patent then there is precedent for more reviews, and hopefully a message to all that patents aren't to be handed out like candy. Unfortunately the General Powers and Duties of the USPTO according to law [] are 1) to follow the policy of the secretary of commerce, 2) to issue patents, and 3) to disseminate patent information to the public. There is nothing in the general duties about ensuring the patent is "first art".

Re:Precedent (2, Informative)

ajakk (29927) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453296)

Yeah, there is nothing in those duties about ensuring that the patent is "first art" ... EXCEPT THE DEFINITION OF A PATENT. "Whoever invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, manufacture or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof, may obtain a patent therefor, subject to the conditions and requirements of this title." 35 U.S.C. 101. That is the statutory authority for the USPTO to grant patents.

Re:Precedent (1)

SparklesMalone (623241) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453394)

Oh, I agree. I just find it sadly amusing that in an 84 page documenbt that describes details like how to order office supplies there are no standards for ensuring the invention is truly new.

Re:Precedent (0)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453533)

Unfortunately, the USPTO redefined "prior art" to mean "prior patented art". So it doesn't matter if it's stupidly obvious, or has been published before. They'll still grant the patent if it's not already patented, and "let the courts decide". Of course, it usually doesn't get to court.

The whole patent system, not just software patents, has to GO. They only exist so that MBA businessmen can 0wn the ideas of engineers. Engineers should rise up and overthrow the MBA idiots.

Re:Precedent (1)

ajakk (29927) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453886)

No they haven't. The Patent office routinely rejects patents based on the examiner's own knowledge, printed publications, and competitors products. Heck, I have even had a patent rejected because the software (to the examiners eyes) worked like a simple algorithm that he found in a old computer science book. The main problem with the patent office is that they do not have enough knowledgable staff to comprehensively review computer science patent applications. They routinely reject patents using stupid rejections that are easy to overcome, as opposed to spending the time necessary to fully research the prior art. This could be fixed if the patent office was allowed to keep all the money the received in fees and hire more examiners (and pay the ones they have more).

The Patent system in the US is much more complicated than people on /. make it out to be. People should read up a little more on how the system actually works, rather than the rumors and FUD that is spread here.

Anal Gel patent also being reviewed (2, Funny)

arrogance (590092) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453224)

Did no one notice this one [] from the link in the article?
6,520,942 Reexam. C.N. 90/006,758, Ordered Date: Sept. 24, 2003, Cl. 604/290, Title: METHOD TO IMPROVE PERI-ANAL HYGIENE AFTER A BOWEL MOVEMENT, Inventor: Edward L. Putman, Owner of Record: Edward L. Putman, Vernon, CT, Attorney or Agent: Owner is representing self, Ex. Gp.: 3761
What a lovely patent. [] Anal gel.

Re:Anal Gel patent also being reviewed (4, Funny)

robslimo (587196) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453347)

From the patent:


There are no drawings provided.

Thank goodness, no drawings provided!

Goatse guy (1, Funny)

XSforMe (446716) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453377)

Maybe we should help them out and point them to the goatse guy?

Re:Anal Gel patent also being reviewed (1, Funny)

NickFitz (5849) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453405)

There are no drawings provided

They left the drawings in the bathroom, and somebody used them to improve peri-anal hygiene.

Other reviews (1, Redundant)

ekephart (256467) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453237)

From the SBC link, another patent under review:
"6,520,942 Reexam. C.N. 90/006,758, Ordered Date: Sept.
A BOWEL MOVEMENT, Inventor: Edward L. Putman, Owner of Record:
Edward L. Putman, Vernon, CT, Attorney or Agent: Owner is
representing self, Ex. Gp.: 3761"

U.S. Cl. 604--290 6 Claims

1. A method to improve peri-anal hygiene comprising:
providing a gel of viscosity thick enough to rest for several seconds on a piece of toilet paper without causing noticeable disintegration of the piece of toilet paper;
dispensing a quantity of the gel onto the sheet of toilet paper;
applying the gel to an anal area using the sheet of toilet paper as an applicator; and
wiping the anal area with a dry sheet of toilet paper to dry the anal area of moisture left by said applying the gel.

Am I the only one who found this slightly amusing?

Re:Other reviews (1)

DataCannibal (181369) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453782)

Am I the only one who found this slightly amusing?

I doubt it, this is Slashdot, home of the prison anal rape fantasists

Re:Other reviews (1)

OzPhIsH (560038) | more than 10 years ago | (#7454110)

Thankfully, I have some killer prior-art on my bathroom shelf. So don't worry everyone, your will remain free and clean!!

Anal hygiene? (-1, Redundant)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453243)

Gawd, did you see the patent near the bottom of that list? "METHOD TO IMPROVE PERI-ANAL HYGIENE AFTER A BOWEL MOVEMENT" !!!

Some ass-wipe's patented himself!

So wait (3, Interesting)

Lane.exe (672783) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453252)

If they review these patents, and find them to be void, every past legal proceeding involving these patents gets reversed? The decisions no longer hold, etc.? That actually seems unlikely. New laws 9 times out of 10 don't grandfather or reverse old decisions. It makes little sense that overturned patents should also.

Grandfathering is a different idea (2, Informative)

JohnDenver (246743) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453450)

Think of reversing a patent as invalidating evidence, which will probably be submitted to an appeals court at a later time. Once you've found evidence is invalid or is misrepresented, then all arguments based on that evidence need to be reargued.

This reversing of a patent will probably be submitted to the appeals court (if there isn't already a more convienent avenue), which will overturn the prior decisions.

Re:So wait (1)

mOdQuArK! (87332) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453685)

As you have surmised, patents are considered valid (and enforceable) until they have been overturned in Federal court through the patent appeals process. As long as the patent holder can pay to keep the appeals process going, they can still litigate based on the patent. (The company I'm working for has encountered this issue recently.)

Re:So wait (1)

NotAnotherReboot (262125) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453842)

All of those court proceedings were based on the fact that the patent office thought it was patent worthy. I would be pretty sure that the courts would have taken a different side had the patent office said "we really don't think this is a valid patent."

EOLAS isn't on the list (2, Informative)

perrye (619347) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453260)

I can't find any mention of the EOLAS patent on this list: Director Ordered Reexamination [] Check your sources!

Re:EOLAS isn't on the list (2, Informative)

Xentax (201517) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453353)

Yes, but one of the other links in the blurb is a story [] which says that the Eolas patent was also ordered to be re-examined.

The same article also says Eolas is a 'one man software company', which is news to me though not very surprising. "Software Company" is a misspelling of "litigation engine" I guess...


Re:EOLAS isn't on the list (1)

SparklesMalone (623241) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453451)

It hasn't been updatd since October. There's a patent on FTP mput...

No FEAR! (2, Funny)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453290)

U.S. Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property James E. Rogan

Man, I love him on Fear Factor.

Especially when he makes them eat worms and stuff.

Nice set of patents there (-1)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453373)


My glasses seem to do this...


Ok lets move right along...

So... (1)

drakaan (688386) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453417)

Go Microsoft, go???

That's SO unfair...

Patent on cookies? (1)

evbell (723550) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453424)

Was MS granted a patent on cookies [] today, or am I reading this wrong?

Re:Patent on cookies? (1)

matzi11a (518757) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453655)

mmmmm, i wonder if there is any prior art for this kind of thing.

Re:Patent on cookies? (1)

matzi11a (518757) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453774)

looking a little further reveals that it is actually a continuation to 2 patents, the first submitted back in '96!!

Re:Patent on cookies? (1)

NickFitz (5849) | more than 10 years ago | (#7454203)

You're reading it wrong. The patent refers to a method for allowing a user to customise the content of a page returned by a web server, through the use of a configuration page. Although the illustrative description of the patent refers to the use of cookies to identify the user, this is no more a "patent on cookies" than it is a patent on computers, networks, the Internet or any of the other technologies referred to as being involved in the process decribed.

Of course, it's still laughable to suggest that this should be granted. Anybody got prior art on the use of cookies to allow the punters to customise a page, details of such customisation being held on the server? Note that, as somebody has pointed out, this is a continuation of a patent granted in 2002, which was in turn a continuation of a patent aplication made in 1996.

Re:Patent on cookies? (1)

DShard (159067) | more than 10 years ago | (#7456888)

Anybody got prior art on the use of cookies to allow the punters to customise a page, details of such customisation being held on the server?

Your reading from it right now. I remember doing that eons ago on /.

Re:Patent on cookies? (1)

angle_slam (623817) | more than 10 years ago | (#7454490)

You're reading it wrong. It was granted yesterday. :-)

Re:Patent on cookies? (1)

falconwolf (725481) | more than 10 years ago | (#7518159)

Maybe the wrong link was provided but that "patent on cookies" leads me to a patent on a method of circuit placement in an IC layout:

"One embodiment of the invention is a recursive partitioning method that place circuit elements in an IC layout."

Re:Patent on cookies? (1)

evbell (723550) | more than 10 years ago | (#7519424)

Oops ... the original link was an index into a search. This one [] should always work.

Another patent that was re-examined... (3, Interesting)

gmajor (514414) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453750)

From the bottom of the uspto page (no pun intended):

Wiping your ass with moist toilet paper was actually patentable. Non-techies might be more interested to hear that absurd patents are not just limited to the technology realm.

Re:Another patent that was re-examined... (1)

Starrdanzr (716669) | more than 10 years ago | (#7455248)

There is actually a patent that some guy got for the manner in which he combed his hair. I've seen some others that looked as though they would be more cumbersome that the current methods available. The PTO does not evaluate whether a patent is defensible, only that prior art has been referenced and that yours doesn't infringe upon a current patent. I've been running some searches for prior art for my S/O who has some ideas and it's been educational! ;)

Re:Another patent that was re-examined... (0)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7457103)

Correct me if I'm wrong, but isn't the WHOLE FRICKING PATENT PROCESS supposed to be limited to the technology realm?

Re:Another patent that was re-examined... (1)

borgheron (172546) | more than 10 years ago | (#7458782)

No. Any "useful, non-obvious invention" can be patented. Whether that's how you build a rocketship or how you jerk off. ;)

One thing most people misunderstand is that patents do not grant the exclusive right to an invention to one person. It grants the right to control who and who does not utilize the invention. There is a subtle difference.

The latter basically means that it is up to the holder of the patent to determine if there is infrigement and prosecute. Patent holders must be vigilant.


Re:Another patent that was re-examined... (1)

Wanker (17907) | more than 10 years ago | (#7460817)

It's not absurd, it's Aloe Vera!

USPTO search []

What is claimed is:

1. A method to improve peri-anal hygiene comprising:

providing a gel of viscosity thick enough to rest for several seconds on a piece of toilet paper without causing noticeable disintegration of the piece of toilet paper;

dispensing a quantity of the gel onto the sheet of toilet paper;

applying the gel to an anal area using the sheet of toilet paper as an applicator; and

wiping the anal area with a dry sheet of toilet paper to dry the anal area of moisture left by said applying the gel.

2. A method to improve peri-anal hygiene comprising:

dispensing a gel onto a piece of toilet paper using a gel pump, the gel having a viscosity of sufficient thickness to prevent noticeable disintegration of a portion of the piece of toilet paper when the gel is applied to the portion; and

wiping an anal area with the gel using the piece of toilet paper as an applicator.

3. The method of claim 2, further including:

storing the gel in a container, the gel pump being secured to the container.

4. The method of claim 2, further including:

wiping the anal area with a dry piece of toilet paper for substantially drying the anal area of moisture left by said wiping the anal area with the gel.

5. An apparatus for improving peri-anal hygiene comprising:

a gel pump attached to a container; and

a gel applied to a portion of a piece of toilet paper by said gel pump, said gel having a viscosity of sufficient thickness to prevent noticeable disintegration of said portion of said piece of toilet paper when said gel is applied to said portion.

6. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein:

said gel comprises Aloe Vera gel.

Re-evaluation (1)

knautilus316 (629085) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453781)

The patent office is going to admit that they might have made a mistake? This has me extremely worried.

Is this prophesied in the Book of Revelations, or Nostradamus or something? Will this throw the Earth out of orbit? Somebody get Satan on the phone, and ask if it's snowing.


Re:Re-evaluation (1)

borgheron (172546) | more than 10 years ago | (#7458822)

Uncalled for. The USPTO has rexamined and invalidated patents before. It does the Patent Office no good to issue bad patents, although that happens *all the time*.


What I have not seen mentioned (2, Insightful)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7453791)

No one seems to understand that throwing out this patent will have no effect whatsoever on reforming the patent system. This is just another case of microsoft proving that they are above the law by changing the rules to fit their current business model.

Yes, the patent system is wrong, and yes it should be reformed. But if MS wants to get out of this mess, they should have to change the rules for all, not just themselves.

Selectively applying the laws will only continue the problems we face now.

They're not "Changing the Rules." (2, Insightful)

AzrealAO (520019) | more than 10 years ago | (#7453843)

First off, Microsoft was denied the ability to argue prior-art in the original trial.

Secondly, it's the W3C that's requested the Patent Re-examination.

Thirdly, it's a patent re-examination, it's rare, but it's a normal part of the process. No one is changing any rules at all here.

But of course, it's benefits Microsoft, so clearly, there must be some shenanigans going on, Microsoft getting(buying) special treatment that no one else would get, right?

Remember! (-1, Offtopic)

Anonymous Coward | more than 10 years ago | (#7454489)

Nobody can patent your mare!

Higher bar for patents (2, Insightful)

samwhite_y (557562) | more than 10 years ago | (#7456240)

If you look at the number of patents that are created per year (in the 10s of thousands I think), you would think a lot of creative and useful activity was being done. But if you look at the visible effect on our actual world and environment, it is not hard to see that most of these patents are not that original or do not have much new creative insight.

Out patent office is biased towards approving patents, not towards denying them. This is probably somewhat due to the understaffing (and lack of appropriate training) because it takes more energy and thought to come up with an effective argument to deny a patent then it does to just let it slide through. If we made a law which forced the patent office to raise the bar on which patents got through (it should probably be knocking down 90% of the applications it receives), then that would probably help quite a bit.

However, this is yet another good government idea that is probably politically impossible because such a solution will create too much outcry from players who are comfortable with the status quo (Another example: Try taking away the agriculture handouts from our large agribusiness corporations).

Try taking away the agriculture handouts from our (1)

falconwolf (725481) | more than 10 years ago | (#7518207)

It's because of these corporate welfare handouts to agrobusiness that the Doha Rounds of the WTO negotiations in Cancun, Mexico fell apart. The US and Western Europe, who gives agrobusinesses billions in subsidies wants other countries like Brazil to open up their markets to imports while stopping those countries from giving their own farmers subsidies, driving them out of business, making those countries dependent of heavily subsidied imported food.
Check for New Comments
Slashdot Account

Need an Account?

Forgot your password?

Don't worry, we never post anything without your permission.

Submission Text Formatting Tips

We support a small subset of HTML, namely these tags:

  • b
  • i
  • p
  • br
  • a
  • ol
  • ul
  • li
  • dl
  • dt
  • dd
  • em
  • strong
  • tt
  • blockquote
  • div
  • quote
  • ecode

"ecode" can be used for code snippets, for example:

<ecode>    while(1) { do_something(); } </ecode>
Create a Slashdot Account