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Vortex radio waves could boost wireless capacity "infinitely"

MrSeb (471333) writes | more than 2 years ago

Wireless Networking 1

MrSeb writes "After years of bold theorizing, Bo Thide of the Swedish Institute of Space Physics and a team in Italy have finally proven that it’s possible to simultaneously transmit multiple radio channels over exactly the same wireless frequency. In theory, according to Thide, we could potentially transmit an “infinite number” of TV, radio, WiFi, and cellular channels at the same time over the same frequency, blasting apart our highly congested wireless spectrum. Thide’s approach is rather simple. Basically, electromagnetic waves can have both spin angular and orbital angular momentum (OAM). If you picture the Earth-Sun system, spin momentum is the Earth rotating on its axis (producing the day-night cycle), and orbital momentum is the Earth rotating around the sun (producing the seasons). In standard wireless communications — radio, TV, WiFi — we only modulate the spin angular momentum of waves. For years, Thide had theorized that orbital angular momentum could also be added to wireless signals, effectively creating a spiral signal that looks like fusilli pasta; or, in the words of Thide, a “radio vortex." Now, in an experiment in Venice, Thide has transmitted a radio vortex over 400 meters. Infinite wireless spectrum, here we come!"
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1 comment

Unconvinced but interested (1)

Muad'Dave (255648) | more than 2 years ago | (#39219597)

I'm not an EM genius, but this sounds an awful lot like circular polarization [wikipedia.org] with perhaps a selectable 'twist' rate. I'd love to see a 3D diagram of a vortex wave propagating - that would help me understand what's happening.

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