Linzer writes "A team of cognitive scientists has shown that baboons are able to read English words and differentiate them from non-words. Initially, the baboons recognize words that have already been presented. Then, in a second phase, they can differentiate between a non-word and an English word unknown to them, apparently relying on relationships between letters, or orthographic patterns, similar to those used by humans. The researchers from Marseille, France have published their findings in Science (full text for subscribers only), and uploaded a video summary."
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