Dupple (1016592) writes "Such activity has been illegal since 2010, but until now had not invoked the penalties.
In theory the new download punishments can be enforced if a user is found to have copied a single pirated file.
The Recording Industry Association of Japan had pushed for the move, suggesting that illegal media downloads outnumbered legal ones by about a factor of 10.
The figure is based on a 2010 study which suggested that people in the country downloaded about 4.36 billion illegally pirated music and video files and 440 million purchased ones that year."
Link to Original Source