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### Skeptics Would Like Media To Stop Calling Science Deniers 'Skeptics'

Re:Don't speculate, calculate [Re:Thermal calculat (580 comments)

Yes it is.

It's not, and one point that needs to be clarified is that AGW proponents must supply the burden of proof. The null hypothesis is that climate and weather are determined by natural processes, and human effects on that must be proven.

I would note that your post didn't address the relative orders of magnitude of CO2.

Calculations, please. Making stuff up isn't science. Calculating effects is. If you think that relative magnitude of CO2 is relevant, give me a back of the envelope showing plausibility. You can use as a starting point the fact all the volcanoes worldwide emit, on average, an estimated 130 to 440 million metric tons of CO2 each year. (Sounds like a lot, doesn't it?)

I'm not talking about the CO2 from the volcanoes, it's the heat and acidity. Simple order of magnitude won't work, but to give it a sniff test if you take the total mass of oceans at 1.37e21 kg and the potential variation of volcanic heat at 52,000 TW-h, converting that to Joules 1.872e20 J, then you get the rough dT of 0.13K, or about 0.2 deg F. That assumes uniform energy distribution throughout the ocean.

The argument is the heat and acid from volcanoes disrupts the CO2 equilibrium. Start with the data, and note the data do not have error bars (which is my main point): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C...

Every number in this figure is calculated on an average, and if you want to calculate it effectively, you'd need to use Navier-Stokes, heat convection/diffusion, combined convection/diffusion mass transfer equations with reactions , and thermal radiation integrated simultaneously with known time dependent, boundary conditions. These equations aren't solvable.

and any changes we induce to the overall temperature are overshadowed by natural variations.

Nope. They add to the natural variations... but the natural variations tend to average out with time, while the anthropogenic CO2 is monotonic upward.

In particular, the variations in chemistry and temperature of the ocean dominate the chemical equilibrium.

My two minutes of work showed the lower limit is 0.12 Kelvins, that is significant enough. As for the chemistry, I can direct you to Smith and Van Ness and a physical chemistry text, it takes a little bit of work but I can't put it on a slashdot post (I do numerical chemistry for a living).

Now you're talking effects that aren't even close to being relevant. Don't speculate, calculate.

It is relevant, remember, AGW needs to prove that it isn't.

Sorry, but your numbers fail a check of units. The units needed are warming in degrees K. Any other numbers need to, eventually, be turned into warming in K by a calculation.

See above.

You have stopped being a denier when you started doing calculations with actual numbers. You may be wrong... but you have now demonstrated that you are not a denier.

It could be dismissed if all volcanoes were identified and their activity cataloged.

Unnecessary. If the effect is many orders of magnitude too small to think about, no need to pay further attention.

Denier is being applied to skilled scientists. That is my objection.

Gotta go to bed, nice chat.

9 hours ago
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### Skeptics Would Like Media To Stop Calling Science Deniers 'Skeptics'

Re:Thermal calculations [Re:Undersea volcanoes!] (580 comments)

A nice response, and interesting. But if you dig a little deeper, you'll see it's not that trivial.

I would note that your post didn't address the relative orders of magnitude of CO2. My revised argument (I didn't type the following in the earlier post) is that natural CO2 dominates anthropogenic CO2, and any changes we induce to the overall temperature are overshadowed by natural variations. In particular, the variations in chemistry and temperature of the ocean dominate the chemical equilibrium.

What I didn't add about the undersea volcanoes is when heat and acid are added to water, LeChatlier's principle states that the alkaline ocean (remember, ocean pH varies from 7.0 to 8.0) will go slightly more acidic (sulfuric acid is a much stronger acid than carbon dioxide) and push the carbon dioxide out of the water, and increasing temperature raises the dissociation constant of water (or lowers the pKw, take your pick) and also forces out more CO2. Anyone who has drunk a warm, flat beer, or poured vinegar into soda water and watch it fizz, can observe this. The assumed heat added by volcanoes is 525,000 TW-h, [check your numbers too ;-)], and the acidity from sulfuric acid is enough energy (in terms of chemical potential) to affect the solubility and cause the ocean to release more CO2 into the atmosphere, or absorb more if the volcanic activity decreases.

If there is a 10% variation in the volcanic releases of heat and SO4 (or 52,000 TW-h, compared to 142 TW-h from anthropogenic sources), that will affect the environment more than what we add, and it can be argued that from the energy balance difference (recall the worlds energy demand is another way of showing the chemical potential differences between the hydrocarbons and CO2 + H2O). This is significant, and the argument cannot be dismissed by calling me a denier.

It could be dismissed if all volcanoes were identified and their activity cataloged. Then you'd need to start working on the fish population issue, which is a much harder problem.

yesterday
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### Skeptics Would Like Media To Stop Calling Science Deniers 'Skeptics'

How can those degrees of freedom be excluded when the data aren't acquired? More importantly, how can any climate model be considered rigorous when all terms of the Navier-Stokes, heat equation, diffusion/convection of mixtures, and radiation equations are non-zero, and hence unsolvable with the most complex numerical methods? I work in multi-dimensional transport modeling, and even relatively simple closed systems cannot be solved...the assumptions made for climate modeling closure negate the functionality of the model at this time. As HPC develops, it will improve.

Note that I'm not saying don't study climate, it's a valid science. But if you are a scientist, you will listen to the criticisms of fellow scientists and address them with demonstrable facts instead of asking the media to label your peers with pejorative terms.

yesterday
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### Skeptics Would Like Media To Stop Calling Science Deniers 'Skeptics'

Re:Undersea volcanoes! [Re:Skeptics and Deniers] (580 comments)

Oh my, thank you for proving my point. Orders of magnitude analysis it is.

Carbon inventory and exchange: we release 10 gigatons of CO2 per year as carbon. Natural inventory in the atmosphere is on the order of 1,000 gigatons (I've seen lower and higher), natural inventory above the thermocline of the ocean is 1,000 gigatons, and below the thermocline it's 150,000 gigatons. Annual interchange from biological ecosystem interactions is estimated at 150 gigatons (90 sea, 60 air). All of these estimates have an error within the annual anthropogenic CO2 release.

Regarding volcanoes undersea, there are an estimated 30,000 of them, and if you look at Klauea, you'll see even a relatively small volcano that is close to the ocean surface could in theory generate 600 MW of electricity, which means that it's about 1.8 GW of thermal energy. Multiply by 30,000 and you have 60,000 GW of heat released to the ocean. Which converts to an annual energy of 525 TW-h, The annual world consumption is 142 TW-h. Variations in that much energy could lead to a tremendous amount of heat added to the ocean, which would affect the global temperature.

That's the back of my envelope, care to share yours that would state unequivocally that it's not a possible contributor? You (or anyone else) can't because the data aren't acquired.

Hence the need for more rigorous science and dropping terms like 'denier.'

yesterday
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### Skeptics Would Like Media To Stop Calling Science Deniers 'Skeptics'

The issue with AGW believers (which I assume is the opposite of denier) is that they claim they have demonstrated scientific rigor in their hypothesis test when if their standards were applied to any other physical science they would be laughed out of the room. That claim can be based solely on the degrees of freedom that are assumed constant when it is clear they are not. For example, have we excluded the possibility of rising temperature changes are not affected by:

• Undersea volcanic activity--There are about 30,000 submarine volcanoes, Each of these will introduce significant quantities of heat and sulfuric acid, both of which would cause CO2 to be liberated to the atmosphere and also raise temperatures. There isn't even an accurate accounting of all of them, so it is not possible to say this degree of freedom is constant and can be ignored.
• Adsorption of IR by water vapor--Articles claim this is constant, but if we have had a drought in California for the last three years, undoubtedly that would arise from a local change in humidity, which would affect local attenuation and weather results.
• Variations in fish/plantkon/seaweed population--There are significant variations in local biology populations from year to year, and each of these affects the overall carbon balance. Considering the error estimates of these large values where gigatons of carbon are produced or not, our contribution can be within these error bars.

Note clearly that I'm not saying AGW is wrong or right, proper research is needed, but the politics involved has made it difficult to have actual scientific discussions. Comments like those proposed by TFA only make the situation worse.

yesterday
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### "Team America" Gets Post-Hack Yanking At Alamo Drafthouse, Too

Re:What are they going to do? (225 comments)

Right now, "officially," they will never release the movie. We'll see.

yesterday
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### "Team America" Gets Post-Hack Yanking At Alamo Drafthouse, Too

Re:What are they going to do? (225 comments)

I agree with the movie release freakout, but why would they shelve it completely (no DVD, VOD, etc.)? One person suggested insurance claims (I hadn't heard that prior to my earlier post).

2 days ago
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### "Team America" Gets Post-Hack Yanking At Alamo Drafthouse, Too

Re:What are they going to do? (225 comments)

My guess is that the hackers have information that is far more damaging than what they've released so far (if that's possible). As far as why DVDs of TA are in trouble? No idea.

2 days ago
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### Cause and Effect: How a Revolutionary New Statistical Test Can Tease Them Apart

Re:That 20% is the killer though (130 comments)

I agree, as long as it is recognized as a tool to assist in defining the confidence, as opposed to a guarantee of confidence. I also wonder what adjustments can be made to 'tune' the result to the desired conclusions.

2 days ago
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### Cause and Effect: How a Revolutionary New Statistical Test Can Tease Them Apart

Nice description. Obviously this one is susceptible to a dead sensor, or stuck value. I run into these issues all the time, which I circumvent by keeping track of the local error (when the error decreases to zero too, I know it's a dead sensor).

2 days ago
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### Top Five Theaters Won't Show "The Interview" Sony Cancels Release

The decision to not show it is based on the other movies that wouldn't be seen because 5-10% of the populace would rather not take the chance, however small, of a terrorist action. The studios count on Christmas holiday revenue and to risk that much is not acceptable.

That being said, I agree with you completely. Before, this was a hack, a nasty one at that. Now this is terrorism, and I almost pity the fools that made their veiled threat behind the keyboards...they will pay.

2 days ago
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### In Breakthrough, US and Cuba To Resume Diplomatic Relations

My bet is the cigar prices will increase while the supply catches up to the demand, and then decrease to current prices and sustains the increased demand.

2 days ago
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### 11 Trillion Gallons of Water Needed To End California Drought

Re: But but but (322 comments)

I've looked at the San Francisco annul rainfall for the past 150 years, and this drought was no more severe than the last few in the early 90s and late 70s, among other droughts. The rainfall has averaged 22" a year with a standard deviation of 8". Even if this season doesn't fill the reservoirs, next season will.

3 days ago
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### Godot Engine Reaches 1.0, First Stable Release

Most of the funny quips were modded up already...

3 days ago
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### Webcast Funerals Growing More Popular

If you go to a funeral, it's to comfort those who have lost a loved one; these people will often travel to make it. Sometimes they can't. If there is a way to pay your respects when you can't travel, then a webcast is better than hearing about it, at least you hear the eulogy and the next time you see the family you can at least talk about the service.

One could argue we're taking away the personal aspect, but I doubt anyone who would have went to the funeral would skip it if the webcast were available. This is a good thing for those in bad times.

3 days ago
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### No More Foamy Beer, Thanks To Magnets

If those are home brews, they may be foamers that are caused by contamination when bottling. The only other thing I can think of is the sediment has more surface area if lying flat, and maybe that has something to do with it. Try looking up www.homebrewtalk.com.

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### No More Foamy Beer, Thanks To Magnets

Carbon dioxide solubility decreases with increasing temperature (dissociation constant of water increases, and the extra hydrogen ions push out the carbon dioxide molecules, in addition to gaseous solubilty decreasing with increasing temperature because the energy of the CO2 molecule exceeds the solvation energy), so if your downstairs fridge is warmer, the foam will come out more. Things you can do:
-Chill the beer more.
-Cool the outside of the glass with cold tap water.
-Pour a slow stream of beer down the side of the glass (not directly to the bottom). This chills the path of the beer and you are less likely to foam. If you pour directly to the bottom, it'll just push out.

Good luck. Remember RDWHAHB (Relax, Don't Worry, Have A Home Brew).

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### An Algorithm To Prevent Twitter Hashtag Degeneration

Re:My first Bennett post. (162 comments)

They did tell us, but not how. In their FAQ, they said they built an algorithm. What is it? I don't know. Undoubtedly it relates to favorite/retweet frequencies, but I'm sure it's more complex than highest retweet count.

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### An Algorithm To Prevent Twitter Hashtag Degeneration

Re:My first Bennett post. (162 comments)

What you're proposing is trivial, looking at the relative ratios. As you don't work for Twitter, I would expect that you are not privy to their algorithm. Look more closely at top tweets, they are not only selected by follower favorites or retweet. Any egghead (I say that with fondness, not in a pejorative fashion) on this board would notice that. Your post (while written with good grammar and spelling) required two pages to not notice that. You provide conjecture without rigorous analysis.

I don't really care whether you post or not, but I do wonder why /. gives so much front page space to someone who effectively considers the lilies.

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### An Algorithm To Prevent Twitter Hashtag Degeneration

My first Bennett post. (162 comments)

My first post to a Bennett post:

Quoting Bennett:
(The simpler and more obvious solution would be to display tweets as "highest rated" if they had been favorited or retweeted by lots of people. However, this is problematic because it allows a person to game the system by having all of their friends -- or sockpuppet accounts -- "like" a tweet in order to drive it to the top of the pile. By having the ratings come from a random subset of users, this resists attempts to game the system, because there's no way for a user to ensure that their friends will be among the random subset that is selected to rate the tweet.)
End Quoting Bennett:

Bennett, perhaps if you were to click a trending hashtag, you would see that they list either 'Top Tweets' or 'All,' and you would note that those that were retweeted or favorited would be on the Top Tweet list, just like your recommendation. Except this has been there for years.

My god, it must be a thousand words to point out existing functionality of an inanely simple concept that has already been executed. I now see what the hullabaloo is all about.

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