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Earth In the Midst of Sixth Mass Extinction: the 'Anthropocene Defaunation'

Jerome from Layton Re:But what IS the point they're making? (301 comments)

Think of where that lime came from. Some parts of the CO2 cycle involve natural sequestration of the gas into the earth. This is where limestone, marble, stalactites, stalagmites, etc. come from. By the way, "lime" is Ca(OH)2 which reacts with CO2 to form a bicarbonate (soluble) and then the carbonate (spots on your car after washing). Thank the volcanoes for liberating this life giving gas into the atmosphere; otherwise the life forms on earth would be way different.

2 days ago
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Man Booted From Southwest Flight and Threatened With Arrest After Critical Tweet

Jerome from Layton Re:name and location tweeted... (865 comments)

Here in Utah, somebody complained about their "service" on Yelp. Then, he received a billing notice on his account because the fine print in his contract included a anti-disparagement clause as well as the usual "arbitration" crap. He refused to pay and the next step by the contracting agency was to place adverse entries on his credit record and the fight was on. This story is now about four years old but there was a recent update story about it in the local newspapers.

2 days ago
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Russia Prepares For Internet War Over Malaysian Jet

Jerome from Layton Black box data streaming (503 comments)

They already have it for ships. A friend of mine showed me where the Maersk Alabama was (West of Singapore), the course heading and speed (270 degrees and 14 Knots). By the way, this data stream doesn't need to involve the on board recorders ("black" boxes).

about a week ago
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Oklahoma Botched an Execution With Untested Lethal Injection Drugs

Jerome from Layton Re:Failed injection. (1198 comments)

What do Veterinarians use to put animals "to sleep"? Surely the Europeans haven't cut off that supply.

about 3 months ago
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Oklahoma Botched an Execution With Untested Lethal Injection Drugs

Jerome from Layton Re:Nitrogen? (1198 comments)

Nitrogen is slow asphyxiation and that could be a problem. Carbon dioxide has a rapid onset at concentrations over 10% with the first symptom being a "blackout" because the retina is the first thing to shut down (personal experience from reaching into an ice chest for an ice cream cone ) followed by other things shutting down (the brain and CNS, then the rest of the body). CO2 stimulates respiration which makes it work even faster. The drawback, if it matters, is the decedent looking like a smurf.

about 3 months ago
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Oklahoma Botched an Execution With Untested Lethal Injection Drugs

Jerome from Layton Re:Time to move into the Century of the fruit bat. (1198 comments)

But, it does guarantee that he won't do it again. Three Strikes, Mandatory Minimums, Megan's Law, and the proliferation of Concealed Carry laws resulted from some truly egregious crimes by repeat offenders back in the Seventies and Eighties. Those crimes also caused a lot of states to keep their housekeeping laws in effect. Housekeeping as in "take out the trash".

about 3 months ago
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Most Expensive Aviation Search: $53 Million To Find Flight MH370

Jerome from Layton Where Is It? MH370 (233 comments)

Most of the large trucking companies track their rigs 24/7 using a system similar to On-Star. There is at least one world-wide cellular phone system (Iridium) operating and there may be more. In any case, an aircraft as expensive as a Boeing 777 rates a tracking system. I would suggest a simple periodic reporter that would activate anytime an engine was in operation. They would all use the same channel was a common format [Aircraft ID, GPS Location, Altitude in Flight Level format]. The transmission length would be about one second and sent once every fifteen minutes. The system could be common access meaning anyone could see the moving spread sheet and, because a lot of people could use it, losing the data would not be a problem. Obviously, it would show up on the Internet. So, for example, you are in San Francisco and wondering where Flight 11 is? Visit the site and enter AA-11. You would see a list of the locations and altitudes starting with the latest and going back at fifteen minute intervals all the back to Boston Logan Airport. Where is the plane now? Draw a 125 mile circle around the last position and start looking.

about 4 months ago
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Can Science Ever Be "Settled?"

Jerome from Layton Settled or resettled? (497 comments)

Phlogiston was proposed as an explanation of why a fire would stop even though fuel was still present. Then, Priestly and Lavoisier explained the properties and function of oxygen. So, did this kill phlogiston? Not quite; see thermodynamics (2nd Law) and physical chemistry (free energy) which brings back part of the phlogiston explanation. So, the Global Warming / Climate Change people have two interesting things to deal with: Yes, carbon dioxide can act as a "greenhouse" gas. But, why is it that carbon dioxide increases are leading events prior to ice ages as revealed by the ice and sea bottom mud cores? This is why that science is still about as settled as the San Andreas fault.

about 5 months ago
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PC Makers Plan Rebellion Against Microsoft At CES

Jerome from Layton There's Another Alternative (564 comments)

Fire Fox has an OS that runs on portable devices. So far, they haven't brought up the idea of using it to run a PC. I'd like to see them do it since my XP system will be a "Death Panel" candidate in about four months. Meanwhile, we will continue to be held hostage to the MS "Alternation": OK-crap-OK-crap as in WIN 95, WIN 98 (better), Me (crap), XP (better), Vista (whale poop), WIN 7 (pretty good), now the Eight Ball. Hopefully, my employer will skip 8 and wait for 9. Yes, I'm dreaming; it's a government agency.

about 7 months ago
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Sun Not a Significant Driver of Climate Change

Jerome from Layton Edinburgh or East Anglia? (552 comments)

Opened the story. Where's the meat? No tables or graphs. How did they get solar data from before 1600 when celestial observations became serious? They don't explain the Medieval Warming Period. Toward the end of that era, the French were considering a duty on English wine. After roughly 1250 CE, they had other concerns, like getting warm. What volcano caused the Little Ice Age that lasted about 600 years and changed diet and drinking patterns? What happened around 1850 to cause things to abruptly get warmer? Yes, volcanoes do matter. Blame Indonesia for all three of them. One of them almost wiped out the human species (genetic bottleneck). Another one caused the Year without a Summer (1816). Krakatoa lead to the Great Blizzard of 1888.

about 7 months ago
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FCC To Consider Cellphone Use On Planes

Jerome from Layton Cell Phones on Planes (183 comments)

If you are my age then there are memories of an age where people could smoke on airliners. The booking agent would ask "Smoking or Non-Smoking?" So, the modern version could be "Cell Phone or No Cell Phone?" Maybe they could put seats in the baggage hold for the Jabberwockies.

about 8 months ago
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The US Now Faces the Same Dilemma Over Drones As It Did Over Nuclear Weapons

Jerome from Layton Re:Not the same... (211 comments)

Agreed. Not all technology is equal. Nuclear weapons are "special" for a multiplicity of reasons as the Iranian experience is showing us. They've been working at it for years, but they're not "there" yet and there is a lot of visible trappings that are eating away at their GNP. On the other hand, drones can be cheap and simple or huge and complex or anything in between. Other people have compared them to the flint lock which lead to the individual weapons which also have that huge variation of models ranging from the rail car guns to tiny pocket pistols. Expect these things to multiply like rabbits.

about 8 months ago
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The US Now Faces the Same Dilemma Over Drones As It Did Over Nuclear Weapons

Jerome from Layton Re:may ways they are not the same (211 comments)

80 hour shifts? How about 8 hour shifts and swap out the operators. By the way, there is a broad spectrum of these devices ranging from back pack models with a short range and endurance to huge beasts that stay up for days.

about 8 months ago
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Feds Confiscate Investigative Reporter's Confidential Files During Raid

Jerome from Layton Re:Some Salient Points (622 comments)

Great summary. The 1968 Gun Control law (Senator Dodd, D-NJ) used the 1938 3rd Reich law as a pattern. One of its provisions extends to the entire residence occupied by the "Prohibited Person" making the firearms (and ammunition) search legal. However, if the original offense happened in 1986 (27 years ago), why were they searching for firearms in 2013? File this under "any excuse will do." This is also a lesson anyone running for office to remember: The other side will use Opposition Research and follow you and your associates all the way back to the womb. For "government", this is easy and almost free while we have to pay for the same stuff and have access to a lot less. Let's suppose you are running for a Senate seat in Delaware and win the nomination. Then, your past as a "witch" during your college days turns up. How did that happen?

about 9 months ago
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Feds Confiscate Investigative Reporter's Confidential Files During Raid

Jerome from Layton Re:felony offense (622 comments)

In this case, I don't think they care about "admissible"; it was an intelligence gathering mission and they will go out of their way to avoid a trial because they would be exposed to "Discovery" and witnesses being put under oath. What? Somebody violated your rights? Such a quaint concept.

about 9 months ago
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Feds Confiscate Investigative Reporter's Confidential Files During Raid

Jerome from Layton Re:information security, dear (622 comments)

Amen! For a similar case, see Arkansas Blood Trail. In this case, the investigators' files were located in Berkeley, CA and Toronto, Canada and both were destroyed in the same evening.

about 9 months ago
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Feds Confiscate Investigative Reporter's Confidential Files During Raid

Jerome from Layton Re:Media (622 comments)

Yeah, we've heard this before. It ends with "and then they came for me..." So, an equally large issue is another violation of the Second Amendment; which is fine with the current regime.

about 9 months ago
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Feds Confiscate Investigative Reporter's Confidential Files During Raid

Jerome from Layton Re:Constitution free zone (622 comments)

So far, your post is the first one I found that wondered why they would be searching a reporter's home for weapons. Normally, such a search would be conducted concerning weapons related violations of the law. Has anyone seen a copy of that warrant?

about 9 months ago
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Why Weather Control Conspiracy Theories Are Scientifically Ludicrous

Jerome from Layton Re:Conspiracy or not, weather modding is attempted (251 comments)

Check on our activity in Vietnam back in the 1960s and possibly 1970s. The idea was to locally intensify monsoon rain over the Ho Chi Minh trail to slow down their transport. Vietnamese live in the rain for about half the year depending on the location and its just another thing to handle. So, I don't think this operation had any real impact. Maybe someone from the PAVN could comment.

about a year ago
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Why Weather Control Conspiracy Theories Are Scientifically Ludicrous

Jerome from Layton Chem Trails (251 comments)

Back in 1999, I watched one being formed by a single aircraft. It was in the late afternoon, about an hour before sunset. When I first saw it, half of the construction had been completed and the aircraft was flying alternating N-S trails and E-W trails. The result looked like a loose rectangular rattan weave. I estimated the altitude somewhere between 20,000 and 30,000 feet and the spacing between the trails somewhere between 3000 and 6000 feet. The south end was around McClellan AFB and the north end was close to Beale AFB. Watching this thing was about the same idea as checking on an orb spider doing her thing. The aircraft departed the scene shortly before sunset and the trails slowly merged into a thin overcast. My best guess as to "Why" would be to impair the effectiveness of reconnaissance satellites. It was too thin to change nocturnal IR emission from the ground and the "overcast" was gone by the next day. For some actual pictures of the things, see Art Bell and Coast2CoastAM sites or Google the term. Other than consuming a few thousand pounds of JP-8, I don't see any real impact.

about a year ago

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