"Alan M. Turing was a mathematician and a co-founder of computer science and cryptography. He developed the Turing Test. Turing postulated that in developing a thinking machine or "artificial intelligence," the machine shouldn't have to duplicate human thinking processes exactly. All that should be required of a thinking machine is that it be able to "pass" as a human.
The Turing Test imagines a questioner and two unseen correspondents, one human and one machine. The machine would pass the Turing Test if the questioner couldn't correctly guess which of the two was the machine."
NASA pulls off mindreading act By Lester Haines Posted: 18/03/2004 at 15:43 GMT The Register Mobile: Find out what the fuss is about. Take the two week trial today.
NASA boffins have pulled off a seemingly impressive feat - reading words which have not actually been spoken.
The system works by computer analysis of "sub-auditory" speech at the throat. NASA's Ames Research Center developer Chuck Jorgensen explains further: "A person using the subvocal system thinks of phrases and talks to himself so quietly it cannot be heard, but the tongue and vocal cords do receive speech signals from the brain.
"What is analyzed is silent, or subauditory, speech, such as when a person silently reads or talks to himself. Biological signals arise when reading or speaking to oneself with or without actual lip or facial movement."
To capture the necessary data, NASA put sensors on subjects' throats and under their chins. In trials, the software has been able to successfully recognise six words and 10 numbers with 92 per cent accuracy.
Although the technology is in its infancy, NASA has high hopes for it. The disabled are an obvious candidate group, but air traffic controllers and astronauts - both of whom have to work in difficult, noisy environments - may also benefit.
It will shortly be tested in an experiment to exert basic control over a Mars rover type vehicle, although NASA admits that there is much to be done on the pre-analysis amplification and noise reduction of the nerve signals: "The keys to this system are the sensors, the signal processing and the pattern recognition, and that's where the scientific meat of what we're doing resides." said Jorgensen.
Aesop's Fables Translated by George Fyler Townsend
The Lion and the Mouse
A LION was awakened from sleep by a Mouse running over his face. Rising up angrily, he caught him and was about to kill him, when the Mouse piteously entreated, saying: "If you would only spare my life, I would be sure to repay your kindness." The Lion laughed and let him go. It happened shortly after this that the Lion was caught by some hunters, who bound him by st ropes to the ground. The Mouse, recognizing his roar, came gnawed the rope with his teeth, and set him free, exclaim
"You ridiculed the idea of my ever being able to help you, expecting to receive from me any repayment of your favor; I now you know that it is possible for even a Mouse to con benefits on a Lion."
H.R. 3162, the USA "PATRIOT" Act, gives the President power directly violating the consitution.
SEC. 106. PRESIDENTIAL AUTHORITY. "(C) when the United States is engaged in armed hostilities or has been attacked by a foreign country or foreign nationals, confiscate any property, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, of any foreign person, foreign organization, or foreign country that he determines has planned, authorized, aided, or engaged in such hostilities or attacks against the United States; and all right, title, and interest in any property so confiscated shall vest, when, as, and upon the terms directed by the President, in such agency or person as the President may designate from time to time, and upon such terms and conditions as the President may prescribe, such interest or property shall be held, used, administered, liquidated, sold, or otherwise dealt with in the interest of and for the benefit of the United States, and such designated agency or person may perform any and all acts incident to the accomplishment or furtherance of these purposes."
From http://home.earthlink.net/~chris-gore/US-Constitution.html Amendment IV (1791)
"The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."
Found here: http://sprott.physics.wisc.edu/pickover/good.html
"Note that "zygotic personhood" (the idea that a fertilized egg is a person) is a recent concept. For example, before 1869, the Catholic church believed that the embryo was not a person until it was 40 days old. (Aristotle agreed with this 40-day threshold.) Thus, the church did not believe a human had a soul until day 40. Pope Innocent III in 1211 determined that the time of ensoulment was anywhere from 12 to 16 weeks. This means that the Catholic church, for centuries, did not equate abortion with murder. (Pictured at left is a two day old human embryo at four cell stage of development, magnified 260 times.) "
I have been reading books as research for my own writing. This quote is related to my own book, currently at:
from "Jefferson: Champion of the Free Mind", by Phillips Russell 1956, p327.
" Thomas Jefferson wrote a book called "Jefferson's Bible", which was a book made up from cuttings of the four gospels whereby all the sayings of Jesus were reserved but his so-called miracles omitted. He (Thomas Jefferson) wrote about his book to a friend:
"It is a document in proof that I am a real Christian, that is to say, disciple of the doctrines of Jesus, very different from the Platonists who call me infidel and themselves Christians and preachers of the Gospel, while they draw all their characteristic dogmas from what its author never said nor saw. They have compounded from the heathen mysteries a system beyond the comprehension of man, of which the great reformer of the vicious ethics and deism of the Jews, were he to return on earth, would not recognize one feature." "