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Nobel Laureate and Laser Inventor Charles Townes Passes

marcello_dl He may pass.... (73 comments)

But his legacy will shine in(to) our eyes FOREVER.

2 days ago
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Why Screen Lockers On X11 Cannot Be Secure

marcello_dl The 90s called... (373 comments)

They want their lockscreen back.

Come on, this is 2015!
People nowadays think that typing into a CLI is low level hacking!
Real men don't lock the screen anymore, they CTRL-ALT-Fn to the first available login prompt, go away, and CTRL ALT F7 back to their session when they return.

Pussies!

2 days ago
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Omand Warns of "Ethically Worse" Spying If Unbreakable Encryption Is Allowed

marcello_dl Re:That's a nice democracy you have there... (392 comments)

It's funny because the threat is EXACTLY how I think things should be done.
You can sure commit crimes shifting bits around, but most such deeds have to reflect IRL at some point. So let the cops follow the bad guys IRL. Strong encryption can't do much when I see what's on your screen. So by all means, spy on suspects instead of bulk-collecting false positives.

It's also quite ridiculous that international banking can keep doing transactions at the speed of light while the NSA and pals want to access to your data. I'd say follow the money first.

Bulk spying is not about preventing crime anyway. It's about control, it yields potential weaknesses for each one, regardless of his actual behavior.

4 days ago
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WhatsApp vs. WhatsApp Plus Fight Gets Ugly For Users

marcello_dl Re:Really? (192 comments)

I hereby announce slashdotplus. It's like slashdot but without stories. Nobody reads TFS anyway.

about a week ago
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Linus Fixes Kernel Regression Breaking Witcher 2

marcello_dl Re:And this is why MBA CEOs fail (126 comments)

MBAs are the soldiers of the financial system and it doesn't matter one bit if they run their companies to the ground, because that does not hurt the system at all, in fact a failed company creates opportunities for the system to advance.

about a week ago
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Should Disney Require Its Employees To Be Vaccinated?

marcello_dl Re:Yes. (663 comments)

Exercise: get your measles/pre-vaccination era mortality rates, and crosscheck with your local community records of deaths by measles or complications. Statistically speaking, most of you should get acceptable matching and so keep believing in those rates. If you don't get acceptable results, we're on the same boat.

about a week ago
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Fake Engine Noise Is the Auto Industry's Dirty Little Secret

marcello_dl Re:Just give the option to turn it off... (820 comments)

As someone who likes old cars, I second that. Noise as a security feature is ok, as an enhancement of the driving experience is a bit pathetic. Besides, the typical V8 muscle car has not really the best noise. I rate it a bit below the 4cyl double carb alfa's, well below the vintage Ferrari's, and really below the 6 carb countach with modded exhausts.

about a week ago
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Ask Slashdot: Has the Time Passed For Coding Website from Scratch?

marcello_dl Re:Yes (302 comments)

Hmm, this sounds like a false dichotomy.

The problem could be formulated like:

"I know how to use HTML and CSS and javascript too, but:
- translating my design to a complex CMS is time consuming, new versions might impose a lot of updating, and I must keep ahead of the plug ins that offer the functionality my site needs. Js widgets also need more work or attention to be succesfully integrated.
- static site doesn't cut it because I need dynamic features like user logins or have data that is better organized in a DB
- roll-your-own dynamic site with scripts requires a lot of attention to security and vulnerabilities"

An answer could be: use a lightweight framework that does not impose many restrictions on the structure. Radiant for rails is the classic one, but I prefer wolfcms because it is a bit easier to deploy and has no domain specific language for templating, you embed PHP. Radiant needs an extension to do that.

In such frameworks you could start with your hand crafted html and:

- Put your hand made html pages in the CMS tree. The advantage is that you can login to the server to edit and upload content without much fuss (watch out for upload limits in php.ini though)
- Separate design (using layouts) from content, so that less repetition and more consistency is achieved.
- Automate navigation so adding a page to the tree updates the links and the site map.
- Use either the DB or the page parts (they are like db fields, the page is like a record) to further separate content from presentation, so that even unskilled people can add content.
- Refactor functionality in plugins so they get reusable (if you're getting a pro)

If you're going to need app-like functionality, though, a full stack framework like web2py rails or the thousand others is where you'll likely end up, eventually.

about two weeks ago
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Microsoft Reveals Windows 10 Will Be a Free Upgrade

marcello_dl Re:No (570 comments)

I speak it all right but I can't read it. So what?

about two weeks ago
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The Most Popular Passwords Are Still "123456" and "password"

marcello_dl Re:12345? (197 comments)

I'll flip it and open it with "999".
Your move, atheists.

about two weeks ago
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Being Pestered By Drones? Buy a Drone-Hunting Drone

marcello_dl Re:"Only" (151 comments)

You say that as it were a bad thing.

about two weeks ago
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SystemD Gains New Networking Features

marcello_dl Re:All Linux distros will look like this (553 comments)

Yes, and they have all the reasons to want that. Linux desktop is not coming until linux can undergo planned obsolescence like the other main OSes do (Android included, look at any 3 years old smartphone to see apps that joe user can't uninstall becoming bigger and the phone getting slower)

But I miss the reason why *any distro* should go that way. You don't integrate systemd in a distro, systemd is the distro.

about two weeks ago
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The Strange Story of the First Quantum Art Exhibition In Space

marcello_dl Re:On the flip side (69 comments)

What I wrote about art was indeed in response to the joke. The rest is my usual tirade.

about two weeks ago
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The Strange Story of the First Quantum Art Exhibition In Space

marcello_dl Re:On the flip side (69 comments)

Art is not about creation but filtering. The artists filters out what's uninteresting and keeps what is interesting (to the artist, absolutely speaking most art is rehashed crap).

But I strongly disagree with the notion that the human can't create.

Sure you don't know how to make a single particle come out of nothing (yes I know about the experiments but 1. they used energy, 2, the most fundamental: they could be made because of the laws of nature, an improper term for "the behavior of matter that we model with laws", and the concepts of matter and void. Well guess what, those concepts were there before us).

But, you can play with abstractions. Imagine a tic tac toe game. Play it in your mind or use pen and paper. The game does not belong to the universe. The mind, the pen, the paper do, but they are not the game. The game is about the meaning of what you wrote, you created it, you own it.

About the absence of free will, pls. A relatively simple computer designed to be predictable does all sorts of stuff by means of a simple race condition. The concept of free will vs predetermined will in the context of a billion processor evolutionarily programmed analog computer called the brain is a matter of grey shades. And all of this even if the universe were deterministic and without concepts like the soul.

about two weeks ago
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Ask Slashdot: Linux Database GUI Application Development?

marcello_dl Re:web2py (264 comments)

I forgot the more exotic OrientDB, it's java based graph db, can enforce a schema (speaks sql too) or let documents bear whatever structure, has bindings for lots of languages, the db can act as app server.

about two weeks ago
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Ask Slashdot: Linux Database GUI Application Development?

marcello_dl web2py (264 comments)

Try web2py. It's a web development framework with python server side, has *terrific* documentation (if you are not a total noob), it's easy to deploy locally, it's DB agnostic, it has features for RAD-like development (the server has an IDE and an app manager, you can strip the source and ship bytecode only) and it's very customizable.

The killer feature? compatibility with apps developed with the older versions is a design goal. So once you have your app, you don't have to worry much about maintaining it or upgrading to newer versions.

Cons? Python is not as easy as php to deploy on web hosting companies, and you need to tweak the configuration for heavy traffic sites, and python3 will need web2py to fork a specialised version. None of these are showstoppers for your use case.

about two weeks ago
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Would You Rent Out Your Unused Drive Space?

marcello_dl Re:Nope (331 comments)

in fact the tahoe lafs idea (erasure coding, you need e.g. any 3 chunks of the 6 floating around to reconstruct your file) is better suited because you are not hosting the whole document, and you can't even brute force decrypt a single chunk to obtain a part of the document either

about three weeks ago
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Gunmen Kill 12, Wound 7 At French Magazine HQ

marcello_dl Re:islam (1350 comments)

All consecration is standalone? or where does it originate from? Holy spirit, which is one with the Father and the "I am the way" Son.
As for the eternal value of the consecration, it's likely that some baptized guy does not receive salvation, no matter how high you value that consecration.

about three weeks ago

Submissions

marcello_dl hasn't submitted any stories.

Journals

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VNC

marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  more than 5 years ago

On remote:
# aptitude install tightvncserver

as the user whose desktop you want to share:

$ vncserver

setup passwords, a screen number is issued, usually 1

on local:

# aptitude install xtightvncviewer

as user

$ xtightvncviewer (remote IP address):1
1 is the screen number

notes: killall Xtightvnc kills it on remote

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  more than 5 years ago

First install usb-modeswitch package (debian squeeze - that is, testing at the moment - has it)
Then make sure that the udev initialization is correct:
# Sony Ericsson MD400
#
# This is experimental. Might switch back after some time. Please report!
# This might work too instead; subject to testing
# Vendor:Product id = 0x0fce:0xd0e1
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", SYSFS{idVendor}=="0fce", SYSFS{idProduct}=="d0e1", RUN+="/usr/sbin/usb_modeswitch --default-vendor 0x0fce --default-product 0xd0e1 -O 1"

Then plug the modem in, make sure it doesn't show up as usb disk, then install wvdial.

A working configuration for italian isp wind is the following:

[Dialer Defaults]
Init1 = ATX3
Init2 = ATQ0 V1 E1 S0=0 &C1 &D2 +FCLASS=0
Init3 = AT+CFUN=6
Init4 = AT+CGDCONT=1,"ip","internet.wind"
Phone = *99#
Modem Type = USB Modem
Baud = 460800
New PPPD = yes
Modem = /dev/ttyACM0
ISDN = 0
Password = wind
Username = wind

Line init4 must be adapted to your ISP.
It is important to have the init3 line which turns the radio on. 6 means use HSDPA only, other values might be require if you don't have cover or other subscription, but beware the cost and speed. Why does a modem that works only with radio signals need to explicitly turn on its radio is beyond me. Good luck.

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  more than 5 years ago

in /etc/udev/rules.d/91-permissions.rules, after first line put:
SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{product}=="xxxx", GROUP="scanner"

Note it is SUBSYSTEMS plural
The correct attr can be seen on dmesg, or udevinfo -a -p /sys/class/usb_device/usbdev5
Optionally put vendor too.

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  more than 5 years ago

get http://db.local.clamav.net/main.cvd and http://db.local.clamav.net/daily.cvd

put them in /var/lib/clamav - or use clamscan -d option?

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  more than 5 years ago

in the zp-core directory create or edit php.ini with entries like
memory_limit = 256M;
upload_max_filesize = 8M;

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  more than 5 years ago

if device=sdb, edit S03mountkernfs.sh

        #CUSTOM ugly hack
            echo 1024 > /sys/block/sdb/device/max_sectors
            echo 1 > /sys/block/sdb/device/scsi_disk/*/allow_restart

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  more than 6 years ago

First of all, aptitude-upgrading, the debian image still has the random number gen. vulnerability. I went for lenny so i have a recent git and postgresql 8.3

Did tzsetup, and aptitude installed locales
added a normal user

Linode configures with DHCP his servers. Might have advantages but i prefer a static one

iface eth0old inet dhcp

iface eth0 inet static
        address (...)
        netmask 255.255.255.0
        gateway (...)
        dns-nameservers 207.192.69.4 207.192.69.5

and put a name in /etc/hostname

Then installed arno-iptables-firewall.
Opened ports 80 443 (it's gonna be a server)
FULL_ACCESS_HOSTS="(my machine domain name)"
FIREWALL_LOG=/var/log/firewall
LOGLEVEL=debug

then
touch /var/log/firewall

in /etc/syslog.conf kern.* must be changed to kern.!=debug
and the following added:
      # Logging for iptables
      kern.=debug -/var/log/firewall

then /etc/init.d/sysklogd restart

and restart arno firewall

To prevent firewall messages on lish console out add to /etc/init.d/klogd:

KLOGD="-c 4"

And restart that one too.

Better use logrotate too, see
http://linuxgazette.net/114/keeling.html

in /etc/logrotate/logrotate.d /var/log/firewall {
                      rotate 7
                      daily
                      compress
                      notifempty
                      create 0640 root adm
                      delaycompress
                      create
}

and start logrotate to see if it kinda works /usr/sbin/logrotate /etc/logrotate.conf

Rails server:
installed exim4-daemon-light postgresql lighttpd ruby ruby1.8-dev irb liberb-ruby libpgsql-ruby1.8 libredcloth-ruby1.8 rdoc1.8 libfcgi-ruby1.8 rubygems rake

then:
gem install rails
(wait)

make sure the correct version for your app is present, too
gem install -v=2.0.2 rails

Postgres users need postgres gem
aptitude install postgresql-server-dev-(version) make

gem install postgres

lighty-enable-module to add fastcgi and ssl
but then removed the entries in conf-enabled dir


# Debian lighttpd configuration file
#

############ Options you really have to take care of ####################

## modules to load
# mod_access, mod_accesslog and mod_alias are loaded by default
# all other module should only be loaded if neccesary
# - saves some time
# - saves memory

server.modules = (
        "mod_fastcgi",
                        "mod_access",
                        "mod_alias",
                        "mod_accesslog",
                        "mod_compress",
                      "mod_rewrite",
# "mod_redirect",
# "mod_evhost",
# "mod_usertrack",
# "mod_rrdtool",
# "mod_webdav",
                      "mod_expire",
# "mod_flv_streaming",
# "mod_evasive"
)

## a static document-root, for virtual-hosting take look at the
## server.virtual-* options
server.document-root = "/var/www/"

## where to upload files to, purged daily.
server.upload-dirs = ( "/var/cache/lighttpd/uploads" )

## where to send error-messages to
server.errorlog = "/var/log/lighttpd/error.log"

## files to check for if .../ is requested
index-file.names = ( "index.php", "index.html",
                                                              "index.htm", "default.htm",
                                                              "index.lighttpd.html" )

## Use the "Content-Type" extended attribute to obtain mime type if possible
# mimetype.use-xattr = "enable"

#### accesslog module
accesslog.filename = "/var/log/lighttpd/access.log"

## deny access the file-extensions
#
# ~ is for backupfiles from vi, emacs, joe, ...
# .inc is often used for code includes which should in general not be part
# of the document-root
url.access-deny = ( "~", ".inc" )

##
# which extensions should not be handle via static-file transfer
#
# .php, .pl, .fcgi are most often handled by mod_fastcgi or mod_cgi
static-file.exclude-extensions = ( ".php", ".pl", ".fcgi" )

######### Options that are good to be but not neccesary to be changed #######

## Use ipv6 only if available.
#include_shell "/usr/share/lighttpd/use-ipv6.pl"

## bind to port (default: 80)
# server.port = 81

## bind to localhost only (default: all interfaces)
server.bind = "(server's IP)"

## error-handler for status 404
#server.error-handler-404 = "/error-handler.html"
#server.error-handler-404 = "/error-handler.php"

## to help the rc.scripts
server.pid-file = "/var/run/lighttpd.pid"

##
## Format: .html
## -> ..../status-404.html for 'File not found'
#server.errorfile-prefix = "/var/www/"

## virtual directory listings
dir-listing.encoding = "utf-8"
server.dir-listing = "disable"

## send unhandled HTTP-header headers to error-log
#debug.dump-unknown-headers = "enable"

### only root can use these options
#
# chroot() to directory (default: no chroot() )
#server.chroot = "/"

## change uid to (default: don't care)
server.username = "www-data"

## change uid to (default: don't care)
server.groupname = "www-data"

#### compress module
compress.cache-dir = "/var/cache/lighttpd/compress/"
compress.filetype = ("text/plain", "text/html", "application/x-javascript", "text/css")

#### url handling modules (rewrite, redirect, access)
# url.rewrite = ( "^/$" => "/server-status" )
# url.redirect = ( "^/wishlist/(.+)" => "http://www.123.org/$1" )

#
# define a pattern for the host url finding
# %% => % sign
# %0 => domain name + tld
# %1 => tld
# %2 => domain name without tld
# %3 => subdomain 1 name
# %4 => subdomain 2 name
#
# evhost.path-pattern = "/home/storage/dev/www/%3/htdocs/"

#### expire module
# expire.url = ( "/buggy/" => "access 2 hours", "/asdhas/" => "access plus 1 seconds 2 minutes")

#### rrdtool
# rrdtool.binary = "/usr/bin/rrdtool"
# rrdtool.db-name = "/var/www/lighttpd.rrd"

#### variable usage:
## variable name without "." is auto prefixed by "var." and becomes "var.bar"
#bar = 1
#var.mystring = "foo"

## integer add
#bar += 1
## string concat, with integer cast as string, result: "www.foo1.com"
#server.name = "www." + mystring + var.bar + ".com"
## array merge
#index-file.names = (foo + ".php") + index-file.names
#index-file.names += (foo + ".php")

#### external configuration files
## mimetype mapping
include_shell "/usr/share/lighttpd/create-mime.assign.pl"

## load enabled configuration files,
## read /etc/lighttpd/conf-available/README first
include_shell "/usr/share/lighttpd/include-conf-enabled.pl"

#### handle Debian Policy Manual, Section 11.5. urls
## by default allow them only from localhost
## (This must come last due to #445459)
## Note: =~ "127.0.0.1" works with ipv6 enabled, whereas == "127.0.0.1" doesn't
$HTTP["remoteip"] =~ "127.0.0.1" {
        alias.url += (
                "/doc/" => "/usr/share/doc/",
                "/images/" => "/usr/share/images/"
        )
        $HTTP["url"] =~ "^/doc/|^/images/" {
                dir-listing.activate = "enable"
        }
}

# lighttpd.conf entry to transparently add ssl
#$SERVER["socket"] == "(your server's IP):443" {
# ssl.pemfile = "/var/www/ ... /key-cert.pem"
# ssl.ca-file = "/var/www/ ... /cacert.pem"
# ssl.engine = "enable"
#}

$HTTP["host"] =~ "(^|\.)hostname$" {

server.error-handler-404 = "/dispatch.fcgi"
server.document-root = "/var/www/ railsapp /public/"

server.errorlog = "/var/www//log/lighttpd.error.log"
accesslog.filename = "/var/www/ railsapp /log/lighttpd.access.log"

url.rewrite = ( "^/$" => "index.html", "^([^.]+)$" => "$1.html" )

compress.filetype = ( "text/plain", "text/html", "text/css", "text/javascript" )
compress.cache-dir = "/var/www/ railsapp /tmp/cache"
expire.url = ( "/favicon.ico" => "access 3 days",
                                                          "/images/" => "access 3 days",
                                                          "/stylesheets/" => "access 3 days",
                                                          "/javascripts/" => "access 3 days" )

fastcgi.server = ( ".fcgi" => ( "localhost" => (
    "min-procs" => 1,
    "max-procs" => 1,
    "socket" => "/var/www/ railsapp /tmp/sockets/fcgi.socket",
    "bin-path" => "/var/www/ railsapp /public/dispatch.fcgi",
    "bin-environment" => ( "RAILS_ENV" => "production" )
) ) )

}

Postgresql
# su - postgres
now, a user same name of your linux user who own the app
$ createuser (username) -P (give him no special privileges)
$ createdb -E UTF8 (dbname)

edit pg_hba.conf (somewhere in /etc/postgresql/...)
# Put your actual configuration here
# ----------------------------------
#
# If you want to allow non-local connections, you need to add more
# "host" records. In that case you will also need to make PostgreSQL listen
# on a non-local interface via the listen_addresses configuration parameter,
# or via the -i or -h command line switches.
#
host (dbname) (www-data = username) 127.0.0.1 255.255.255.255 trust

Tried copying the rails app(s) to /var/www and work under user www-data

to make changes effective restart postgresql and lighttpd

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  more than 5 years ago

fstab line: //edmini/share /mnt/smb cifs noauto,user=[user],domain=[domain name],ip=xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx 0 0

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  more than 6 years ago

Note, this procedure involves some downtime for the server.
First dump existing databases, e.g.

# su - postgres -c 'pg_dump -C my_database > /tmp/my_database.sql'

If you have user putting content into database this step could be done later, just before importing the sql in the new cluster. Remember to take down db clients if you care for db consistency.

Then install new version, e.g.

# aptitude install postgresql-8.3

when one installs a new version of postgres under debian, the old version stays installed and a new cluster is automatically created. The new version server is configured for an alternative port (5433). Watch for the messages/logs from the package manager.

Then import old users into the new cluster, take into account the listening port run the updated client as the bash command "psql" defaults to the old version.

# su - postgres
# createuser a_user --port 5433

Then copy or update the pg_hba.conf settings to the one in the new cluster in /etc/postgresql/8.3/main/pg_hba.conf

Do not forget to reload the settings.
# /etc/init.d/postgresql-8.3 reload

Then import the databases
# su - postgres
$ /usr/lib/postgresql/8.3/bin/psql --port 5433

Then configure the new server for the existing server port, e.g.
# /etc/init.d/postgresql-8.3 stop
edit /etc/postgresql/8.3/main/postgresql.conf:
    port=5432

Then stop the db clients (eg. it's downtime for my dynamic sites hosted with lighttpd), take down old db, take up new one, restart db clients /etc/init.d/lighttpd stop /etc/init.d/postgresql-8.2 stop /etc/init.d/postgresql-8.3 start
    netstat -nat /etc/init.d/lighttpd start

test the db clients (restart your browser for webapps to avoid using stale session data), if all is well we must remove old postgresql else at reboot it is restarted, conflicting with the newest server version.

Since the debian remove scripts assume the server is up we must take the old server back up- we need to configure the old server for an alternative port so both versions can be up at the same time, e.g.

edit /etc/postgresql/8.3/main/postgresql.conf:
    port=5434

# /etc/init.d/postgresql-8.2 start
# aptitude purge postgresql-8.2

This is all.
Note. It is better to upgrade incrementally than doing it say, from 8.1 to 8.3
There might be ways to reduce downtime, with WAL for example.

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  about 7 years ago

apt-get install sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev
gem install sqlite3-ruby
of course all ruby dev and rails stuff must be already installed

gem install typo /to be continued
    517 mkdir blog
    518 cd blog/
    519 typo config .
    520 typo config . database=postgresql
    521 ls
    522 ls -a
    523 typo install --help
    524 rm ./* -rf
    525 typo install .
    526 typo stop .
    527 cat installer/lighttpd.conf.example
    528 typo config . database=postgresql
    529 typo config . web-server=external
    530 nano config/database.yml
    531 echo edit pg_hba.conf
    532 echo createdb typo -E UTF8
    533 rake db:migrate
    534 nano config/database.yml
    535 cp ../GaraTiro/config/database.yml config/database.yml
    536 nano config/database.yml
    537 rake db:migrate
    538 echo edit lighttpd.conf
    539 echo "$HTTP["host"] =~ "typo.jasonhoffman.org" {
server.document-root = "/home/jah/apps/typo/trunk/public/"
server.error-handler-404 = "/dispatch.fcgi"
server.indexfiles = ( "dispatch.fcgi")
server.errorlog = "/home/jah/logs/error.typo.log"
    fastcgi.server = ( ".fcgi" =>
          ( "localhost" =>
              ( "socket" => "/home/jah/tmp/typo-jah.socket",
                                                        "min-procs" => 2,
                                                        "max-procs" => 2,
                  "bin-path" => "/home/jah/apps/typo/trunk/public/dispatch.fcgi",
                  "bin-environment" => ( "RAILS_ENV" => "production" )
    )))
}
"
    540 ls
    541 ls log/
    542 touch log/lighttpd.error.log
    543 typo config . port=80
    544 typo config . rails-environment=development
    545 typo config .
    546 chown marcello:www-data .
    547 #change lighttpd user as same as app

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  about 7 years ago

As root:

edit /etc/X11/xorg.conf

If no extensions section add one, see below. Add the option anyway.

Section "Extensions"
                Option "Composite" "Enable"
EndSection

and in Section Devices add

        Option "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps" "true"

add to /etc/apt/sources.list
#compiz
deb http://download.tuxfamily.org/osrdebian unstable compiz-fusion-git

download the pgp key
wget http://download.tuxfamily.org/osrdebian/61B8DB62.gpg -O- | apt-key add -

install:

apt-get remove --purge compiz*
aptitude dist-upgrade
apt-get install -t unstable compiz-core compiz-gnome compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-fusion-plugins*

maybe it is needed the following too:
aptitude install 915resolution

As the logged in user, with the graphical desktop already running:
SKIP_CHECKS=yes compiz --replace

One can also install emerald and emerald-themes, possibly purging and reinstalling at every update.

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  about 7 years ago

Verify you have the modules (recent 2.6 kernel needed stock lenny works)
modprobe -v udf
modprobe -v pktcdvd

aptitude install udftools
put your cdrom device in /etc/default/udftools
e.g. dev/hdX /etc/init.d/udftools restart

cdrwtool -d /dev/hda -q for a cdrw
dvd+rw-format /dev/hdd
and mkudffs /dev/hdd for dvd+rw

mount -t udf -o noauto,noatime,sync,rw,users /dev/pktcdvd/0 /mnt/

Now root is able to write on device, adjust permissions.

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  more than 7 years ago

A spare laptop with no working cdrom and seemingly unable to boot from usb... but with a realtek boot agent. So it's netboot time. Another option is using wuby and install ubuntu right on the ntfs partition along with windows, but then you're back to square one if something happens to the windows installation.

On a debian box used as server:
aptitude install tftpd-hpa dhcp3-server
if you have another dhcp server installed skip dhcp3-server but you have to find the proper config yourself.

edit /etc/default/tftpd-hpa

RUN_DAEMON="yes"
OPTIONS="-l -s /var/lib/tftpboot"

from your fave debian mirror in dists/etch/main/installer-i386/current/images/netboot/

downloaded netboot.tar.gz, expanded it in /var/lib/tftpboot

For /etc/dhcp3/dhcpd.conf let's assume the tftpd box is in 192.168.0.1, I have to specify "filename" and "next-server" options- all other options depend on your subnet:

subnet 192.168.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
    range 192.168.0.5 192.168.0.15;
        filename "pxelinux.0";
        next-server 192.168.0.1;
    option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
    option routers 192.168.0.1;
    option broadcast-address 192.168.0.255;
    option domain-name-servers [ put here DNS addresses, space separated];
}

Then restart the services to make changes effective /etc/init.d/tftpd-hpa restart /etc/init.d/dhcp3-server restart

Make sure machines on the subnet can freely access the net to download packages, else the installation won't be very straightforward.

On the box that needs the reinstall chose net boot (usually selectable in the bios and or among boot options menu).

If all goes well the debian boot installer prompt should appear. Only after installation is complete you can stop tftpd server.

BTW on the laptop HAL had to ignore the broken device: put this in /etc/hal/fdi/preprobe , as this blog entry says

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8">
<deviceinfo version="0.2">
<device>
<match key="block.device" string="/dev/[DEVICE]">
<merge key="info.ignore" type="bool">true</merge>
</match>
</device>
</deviceinfo>

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  more than 7 years ago

I already had the setup for 802.11b with my home lan

Note this setup is quite sub-optimal as the password is saved in plaintext
The wext driver is for recent 2.6 kernels, works for my ndiswrapper

add to /etc/network/interfaces:

iface wlan0 inet dhcp
                wpa-driver wext
                wpa-ssid "ZyXEL XXXYYY"
                wpa-psk [password plaintext]
# wpa-bssid 00:1a:2b:3c:4d:5e -> not necessary but likely safer
                wpa-key-mgmt WPA-PSK
                wpa-pairwise TKIP CCMP
                wpa-group TKIP CCMP
                wpa-proto WPA RSN

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  more than 7 years ago

while git-svnimport can be used for proper subversion repositories, I had issues with it and a personal svn repository which didn't follow the traditional svn layout with trunk branches tags (shame on me). Well why not simply iterate over the revisions and importing them? Seems to work. Here's how I did it:

first run
svn info [URL of the svn repository you want to migrate]
to discover how many revisions it has till now.

then let's get the commit messages so we can recycle them:

for i in `seq 1 [number of revisions]`; do svn log -r $i [URL of svn repository] > /tmp/svnlog$i.txt; done

then:
svn co --revision 1 [path to the svn repository you want to migrate]
so that a dir with a working copy is created, we'll call it [target git repository]. Now let's migrate all changes:


cd [target git repository]/
git-init
echo *.svn >> .git/info/exclude
for i in `seq 1 [number of revisions]`; do cd .. ; svn co --revision=$i [URL of source svn repository] ; cd $OLDPWD ; git add . ; git-commit -a -F /tmp/svnlog$i.txt; done

That should do it. Better do a
git-gc --prune --aggressive
(Do it when nobody else is accessing the new git repository!!!) so that you save space on disk, and a
git clean -d
to get rid of now useless .svn dirs.

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  more than 7 years ago

The cam (an old trust spycam 300) worked under ekiga or gqcam without problems, once the proper stv680 kernel module is installed.

for mplayer one must use the v4l driver specifying outfmt width and height, like this example

mplayer tv:// -tv driver=v4l:device=/dev/video1:outfmt=bgr24:width=320:height=240

Well the pic is upside down, can use -flip option or dunno turn the webcam upside down :)

"webcam" package is quite useful as a poor man cctv. here's a sample config

[ftp]
host = localhost
user = nobody
pass = xxxxxx
dir = /tmp
file = webcam.jpg
tmp = imageup.jpg
local = 1

[grab]
device = /dev/video1
width = 320
height = 240
delay = 1
wait= 1
norm = pal
quality = 75
trigger = 0

For complex stuff zoneminder.com ought to be the choice.

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marcello_dl marcello_dl writes  |  more than 7 years ago

Nota: lascio libero chiunque di copiare modificare e riutilizzare il seguente articolo, che rilascio nel pubblico dominio. E' probabile che sul sito del produttore (www.empiremedia.it) si trovino ulteriori informazioni.

La usb pen mi funziona subito come analogico, dopo un po' funziona anche la parte digitale. Presumo sia una questione di caricare il firmware piu' adatto (v. sotto) o di aspettare che il driver maturi.

Per avere a disposizione la usb pen sotto linux bisogna compilarsi i moduli relativi. Quello disponibile con il kernel di etch non la riconosce.

Ho seguito le istruzioni in inglese su
http://www.marcushellberg.com/pages/projects/digital-tv-in-linux.php

Se non lo si sa, scoprire con
    uname -r
quale versione del kernel si sta usando, nel mio caso
    2.6.18-4-686

Usare questa informazione per scaricare la versione giusta degli headers:
    aptitude install mercurial linux-headers-2.6.18-4-686 build-essential

Fare copia di sicurezza dei moduli attualmente installati, casomai qualcosa andasse storto

    tar zcvf modulesbackup.tgz -C /lib/modules/ 2.6.18-4-686/

Scaricarsi e installare i moduli aggiornati usando mercurial

    mkdir dvbdriver
    cd dvbdriver/
    hg clone http://mcentral.de/hg/~mrec/v4l-dvb-kernel
    cd v4l-dvb-kernel/v4l/
    make
    sudo make install

Scaricarsi il firmware dal sito http://konstantin.filtschew.de/v4l-firmware/ (non va aggiornato il firmware della penna, va solo scaricato, viene usato dal modulo), a me va anche la versione 4, teoricamente andrebbe la versione 3.

una volta scaricato, scompattarlo in /lib/firmware, es:

    tar xvzf firmware_v4.tgz -C /lib/firmware/

a questo punto riavviare il PC inserendo la usb pen: i messaggi, ottenibili anche col comando dmsg, dovrebbero annunciare che la penna e' riconosciuta ed i moduli relativi caricati, ad esempio:

(...)
em28xx v4l2 driver version 0.0.1 loaded
em28xx new video device (eb1a:e310): interface 0, class 255
em28xx: device is attached to a USB 2.0 bus
em28xx: you're using the experimental/unstable tree from mcentral.de
em28xx: there's also a stable tree available but which is limited to
em28xx: linux =2.6.19.2
em28xx: it's fine to use this driver but keep in mind that it will move
em28xx: to http://mcentral.de/hg/~mrec/v4l-dvb-kernel as soon as it's
em28xx: proved to be stable
em28xx #0: Alternate settings: 8
(...)
EEPROM ID= 0x9567eb1a
Vendor/Product ID= eb1a:e310
AC97 audio (5 sample rates)
500mA max power
Table at 0x04, strings=0x226a, 0x0000, 0x0000
tuner 0-0061: chip found @ 0xc2 (em28xx #0)
attach inform (default): detected I2C address c2 /root/dvbdriver/v4l-dvb-kernel/v4l/tuner-core.c: setting tuner callback
tuner 0x61: Configuration acknowledged /root/dvbdriver/v4l-dvb-kernel/v4l/tuner-core.c: setting tuner callback /root/dvbdriver/v4l-dvb-kernel/v4l/xc3028-tuner.c: attach request! /root/dvbdriver/v4l-dvb-kernel/v4l/tuner-core.c: xc3028 tuner successfully loaded
attach_inform: tvp5150 detected.
cs: IO port probe 0x100-0x3af: clean.
cs: IO port probe 0x3e0-0x4ff: clean.
cs: IO port probe 0x820-0x8ff: clean.
cs: IO port probe 0xc00-0xcf7: clean.
cs: IO port probe 0xa00-0xaff: clean.
tvp5150 0-005c: tvp5150am1 detected.
Loading base firmware: xc3028_init0.i2c.fw
Loading default analogue TV settings: xc3028_BG_PAL_A2_A.i2c.fw
xc3028-tuner.c: firmware 2.7
ANALOG TV REQUEST
em28xx #0: V4L2 VBI device registered as /dev/vbi0
em28xx #0: V4L2 device registered as /dev/video0
em28xx #0: Found MSI DigiVox A/D
em28xx audio device (eb1a:e310): interface 1, class 1
em28xx audio device (eb1a:e310): interface 2, class 1
usbcore: registered new driver em28xx
usbcore: registered new driver snd-usb-audio
em2880-dvb.c: DVB Init
Loading base firmware: xc3028_8MHz_init0.i2c.fw
Loading default dtv settings: xc3028_DTV8_2633.i2c.fw
xc3028-tuner.c: firmware 2.7
Sending extra call for Digital TV! /root/dvbdriver/v4l-dvb-kernel/v4l/xc3028-tuner.c: attach request!
DVB: registering new adapter (em2880 DVB-T)
DVB: registering frontend 0 (Zarlink ZL10353 DVB-T)...
Em28xx: Initialized (Em2880 DVB Extension) extension
(...)

Per vedere se c'e' l'audio della TV:

arecord -l

  (...)
  card 1: Device [USB 2881 Device], device 0: USB Audio [USB Audio]
      Subdevices: 1/1
      Subdevice #0: subdevice #0

Si può regolare il volume con:

  alsamixer -c 1

premendo tab per scegliere l' input screen

A questo punto la scheda e' pronta, usando ad esempio mplayer, dopo aver verificato che mplayer funzioni con un file video (scelta del -vo adatto, verifica dei permessi per sentire l'audio ecc), per vedere la tv si usa

mplayer -vo xv tv:// -tv chanlist=italy:driver=v4l2:input=0:norm=2:device=/dev/video0:alsa=yes:audiorate=48000:amode=0:forceaudio=yes:adevice=hw.1,0:volume=80:immediatemode=0

(attenzione, inserire tutto su una riga e da chanlist= in poi senza spazi, in caso di dubbi vedersi l'help di mplayer- c'e' anche in italiano)

e usare h e k per provare tutti i canali fino a trovare qualche emittente.

Dopo qualche minuto di ricezione segnale analogico che a quanto pare sblocca la situazione, si puo' provare con il digitale. Consiglio di installare kaffeine, che ha una funzione di scansione canali. L'antennina in dotazione non ha fatto molto per me, collegando all'impianto antenna di casa (n.b. mai adattato al digitale terrestre) invece spuntano i canali, se la zona è servita.

Kaffeine permette di fare pausa del segnale video, registrarlo in mpeg2 (serve spazio su disco), e a quanto mi pare registrare un canale e vederne un'altro purche' appartenga allo stesso "stream".

Una stranezza, appena avviato kaffeine il segnale e' piu' debole, cambiando canale un po' la ricezione migliora. Ritengo sia qualche problema con i comandi dati al sintonizzatore.

Per la tv analogica riesco con mplayer a registrare in divx a 2000kbit e qualche filtro per incrementare la qualita' con un celeron a 1.7 giga. Registrando in mpeg2 o salvando direttamente lo stream (mai provato) si ha minor consumo di cpu e lievemente maggior qualità a scapito della dimensione del file.

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